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Brain ImagingWhat it Can (and Cannot) Tell Us About Consciousness$
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Robert G. Shulman

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780199838721

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2013

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199838721.001.0001

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A Philosophical Background

A Philosophical Background

(p.41) 3 A Philosophical Background
Brain Imaging

Robert G. Shulman

Oxford University Press

Descartes’ dualism of mind and matter has dominated philosophy since his time, particularly in brain studies. A selective history of philosophy from Descartes, Galileo, and the physiologists von Helmholtz , Claude Bernard, and Ludwik Fleck provides a background for the philosophy of Pragmatism. Developed by William James, Ludwig Wittgenstein, and Richard Rorty, Pragmatism provides a philosophical approach for planning and interpreting brain imaging experiments that is relevant for neuroscience by avoiding Descartes’ formulation.

Keywords:   Descartes, Galileo, von Helmholtz, Claude Bernard, Ludwig Wittgenstein, Richard Rorty, Pragmatism

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