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From Juvenile Delinquency to Adult CrimeCriminal Careers, Justice Policy and Prevention$
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Rolf Loeber and David P. Farrington

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780199828166

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199828166.001.0001

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Promoting Change, Changing Lives

Promoting Change, Changing Lives

Effective Prevention and Intervention to Reduce Serious Offending

(p.245) 9 Promoting Change, Changing Lives
From Juvenile Delinquency to Adult Crime

Brandon C. Welsh

Mark W. Lipsey

Frederick P. Rivara

J. David Hawkins

Steve Aos

Meghan E. Hollis-Peel

Oxford University Press

A number of conclusions can be drawn about the state of evidence on the effectiveness of prevention and intervention programs to reduce serious offending in early adulthood. First, there are some promising signs that early prevention programs can produce lasting effects on offending and other important life-course outcomes into the early adult years. At the individual level, preschool intellectual enrichment programs look to be especially effective. At the school level, multi-component programs emphasizing classroom behavior management seem to be promising. Second, there are some promising signs that family-based interventions for adjudicated delinquents that operate outside of the juvenile justice system can reduce offending in early adulthood. These include multisystemic therapy and multidimensional treatment foster care. Third, the available evidence about intervention modalities used with both juvenile and adult offenders indicates that their effects are substantially similar. This generality across the major age divide in juvenile and criminal justice implies that such programs should be effective with young adult offenders as well. Fourth, there are a number of evidence-based programs for juvenile and young adult offenders that can produce monetary benefits that exceed costs. Gaps in knowledge and priorities for research are also discussed.

Keywords:   prevention, intervention, serious offending, evidence-based programs, cost-benefit analysis, preschool intellectual enrichment, classroom behavior management, family-based programs

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