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From Juvenile Delinquency to Adult CrimeCriminal Careers, Justice Policy and Prevention$
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Rolf Loeber and David P. Farrington

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780199828166

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199828166.001.0001

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Criminal Career Patterns

Criminal Career Patterns

Chapter:
(p.14) 2 Criminal Career Patterns
Source:
From Juvenile Delinquency to Adult Crime
Author(s):

Alex Piquero

J. David Hawkins

Lila Kazemian

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199828166.003.0002

The empirical study of longitudinal patterns of criminal activity committed by offenders has been a central focus in criminology. Descriptive analysis of the nature of criminal offending has led to important information about the proportion of individuals who offend, the volume of their offending, their participation within and across crime types, patterns of escalation and de-escalation, and the cessation of offending. Yet, much of the knowledge base regarding criminal careers has emerged from a few select studies, limited in scope by their sample composition, data source, and observation period. Even fewer studies have dealt with specific criminal career dimensions that link the important theoretical and policy-oriented transition between juvenile and adult years, a period of the life course when many criminal careers end and a select few continue. This chapter reviews the empirical literature that focuses on several key criminal career dimensions linking offending patterns in adolescence to those in adulthood, including: prevalence, frequency, continuity, adult onset, specialization, diversification, escalation and de-escalation, stability and change, and co-offending. The chapter concludes with an overall summary statement, an identification of key research priorities, and some recommendations for practitioners and policymakers.

Keywords:   criminal careers, offending, longitudinal, specialization, violence, age and crime, adolescence, emerging adulthood

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