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From Juvenile Delinquency to Adult CrimeCriminal Careers, Justice Policy and Prevention$
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Rolf Loeber and David P. Farrington

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780199828166

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199828166.001.0001

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Overview, Conclusions, and Key Recommendations

Overview, Conclusions, and Key Recommendations

(p.315) 11 Overview, Conclusions, and Key Recommendations
From Juvenile Delinquency to Adult Crime

Rolf Loeber

David P. Farrington

James C. Howell

Machteld Hoeve

Oxford University Press

Section I of this chapter summarizes the most important points of Chapters 2 to 5 and relevant portions of Chapter 10 (which concerns European issues) by addressing key findings that are relevant for juveniles’ transition of offending from adolescence (up to age 18) into adulthood. Section I focuses on: (1) criminal careers, including criminal careers of special categories of offenders (e.g., drug dealers, homicide offenders); (2) explanations of persistence and desistance across adolescence and early adulthood; (3) vulnerable populations. Section II deals with practical issues and covers Chapters 6 to 9 and relevant portions of Chapter 10. The section focuses on six topics: (1) prediction and risk assessments to ascertain the risk of recidivism during the transition period between adolescence and adulthood; (2) legal boundaries between adolescence and adulthood and whether they need to be changed; (3) responses of the justice systems for juveniles and young adults; (4) preventive and remedial interventions outside of the justice system; (5) gender issues; and (6) ethnicity issues. Finally, Section III of this chapter contains the headline conclusions and recommendations for ways to move forward. Special sentencing and treatment provisions for young adult offenders and immaturity as mitigating factors are discussed.

Keywords:   criminal careers, juvenile delinquency, adult crime, prediction, risk assessment, prevention, intervention, gender, ethnicity, sentencing young adult offenders

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