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Minding NormsMechanisms and dynamics of social order in agent societies$
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Rosaria Conte, Giulia Andrighetto, and Marco Campennl

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780199812677

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2014

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199812677.001.0001

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Modeling Hume’s Theory of Norm Emergence

Modeling Hume’s Theory of Norm Emergence

(p.68) 5 Modeling Hume’s Theory of Norm Emergence
Minding Norms

Oliver Will

Rainer Hegselmann

Oxford University Press

This chapter tries to answer this question: To what extent can we account for norm emergence with simple agent architectures? In particular, the chapter shows the emergence of social justice from heterogeneous agents that are not endowed with norm representations. To do so, the chapter refers to a model developed by David Hume, which is implemented in a simulated scenario. David Hume delivered an informal theory about fundamental mechanisms and processes in the development of societies: from a poor life in small groups to a comparatively wealthy one based on division of labor in large groups without personal ties. The chapter introduces an agent-based model to reconstruct and formalize important elements of Hume’s theory. This model is called HUME1.0. The model focuses on the interplay of risky exchange, trust, trustworthiness, and the gains from division of labor.

Keywords:   Hume, trust, division of labor, exchange, evolution of morals

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