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Minding NormsMechanisms and dynamics of social order in agent societies$
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Rosaria Conte, Giulia Andrighetto, and Marco Campennl

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780199812677

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2014

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199812677.001.0001

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How Are Norms Brought About? A State of the Art of Current Research

How Are Norms Brought About? A State of the Art of Current Research

(p.50) 4 How Are Norms Brought About? A State of the Art of Current Research
Minding Norms

Martin Neumann

Oxford University Press

This chapter analyses the current state of the art in normative agent-based social simulation models. Broadly speaking, two approaches can be distinguished: on one hand, models that are inspired by the conceptual terminology of game theory (which are inspired by the conventionalist view discussed in the introduction of this volume), and, on the other hand, models that are based on architectures of cognitive agents with roots in artificial intelligence (and are heavily influenced by the institutional view presented in the Introduction of this volume). The opportunities and drawbacks involved in these approaches are identified. The former class of models focuses on norm dynamics by strategic adaptation of agents to changing environmental conditions. The latter class provides insights into the functional effects and—to a certain degree—the cognitive processes of normative reasoning. The main deficit of both approaches is a lack of a dynamics of cognitively rich mental objects. In particular, the two-way dynamics of the emergence and immergence of norms is only barely captured.

Keywords:   normative agent-based models, game theory, cognitive agents, normative architectures, sociological theory

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