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Minding NormsMechanisms and dynamics of social order in agent societies$
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Rosaria Conte, Giulia Andrighetto, and Marco Campennl

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780199812677

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2014

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199812677.001.0001

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Loops in Social Dynamics

Loops in Social Dynamics

(p.17) 2 Loops in Social Dynamics
Minding Norms

Giulia Andrighetto

Rosaria Conte

Oxford University Press

This chapter is devoted to presenting a general view of social dynamics, in which our model of norm emergence is framed, as a multilevel and multidirectional process. Usually, only the upward direction of social dynamics, named emergence, is investigated, whilst the downward process, i.e., the feedback from the emergent macroscopic effects on the producing systems, is often overlooked. In this chapter, different processes of downward causation is distinguished according to the level of complexity of the respective dynamics. In particular, the process of immergence is focused on. Immergence is defined as a process of downward causation by means of which emerging social phenomena, entities, or properties of entities “feed back” to the producing systems, modifying some of their internal properties and processes. By means of these properties or processes of the producing systems, the probability dramatically increases that the emergent phenomena will be replicated in the future.

Keywords:   institutional norms, convention, normal vs. normative, prescription, normative will, normative request

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