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Disenchanting IndiaOrganized Rationalism and Criticism of Religion in India$
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Johannes Quack

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780199812608

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199812608.001.0001

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Evolution of Rationalism in Colonial India

Evolution of Rationalism in Colonial India

(p.57) 6 Evolution of Rationalism in Colonial India
Disenchanting India

Johannes Quack

Oxford University Press

This chapter provides a brief outline of the situation of the social and religious reform movements in 19th century India, addressing in the process, the specific social, cultural and political milieu within which organised rationalism emerged. A few exemplary groups and positions are highlighted, such as the Brahmo Samaj founded by Raja Ram Mohan Roy and the more radical Young Bengal Group (Derozians). The focus in particular is on three men who are central to the contemporary rationalist movement in Maharashtra: Gopal Agarkar, “Mahatma” Phule and Shahu IV of Kolhapur.

Keywords:   social reform, religious reform, 19th century India, Brahmo Samaj, Raja Ram Mohan Roy, Young Bengal Group, Derozio, Gopal Agarkar, “Mahatma” Phule, Shahu IV of Kolhapur

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