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BottlenecksA New Theory of Equal Opportunity$
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Joseph Fishkin

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780199812141

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: April 2014

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199812141.001.0001

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Opportunity Pluralism

Opportunity Pluralism

Chapter:
(p.130) III Opportunity Pluralism
Source:
Bottlenecks
Author(s):

Joseph Fishkin

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199812141.003.0003

This chapter proposes a new way of thinking about equal opportunity: opportunity pluralism. The idea is that, instead of literally attempting to equalize opportunities, we ought to work to broaden the ranges of opportunities open to people at all stages in life to pursue paths that lead to human flourishing. To achieve this, the chapter argues that we ought to loosen the bottlenecks in the opportunity structure: the narrow places through which people must pass in order to reach a wide range of paths that open out on the other side. The chapter argues that we ought to build a society with a wide plurality of values, in which many of the goods people value are not positional goods, and where there are many competing sources of authority over both the opportunity structure and questions of value.

Keywords:   opportunity pluralism, equal opportunity, pluralism, positional goods, human flourishing, opportunity structure, bottlenecks

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