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The Age of DualizationThe Changing Face of Inequality in Deindustrializing Societies$
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Patrick Emmenegger, Silja Hausermann, Bruno Palier, and Martin Seeleib-Kaiser

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780199797899

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199797899.001.0001

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How we Grow Unequal

How we Grow Unequal

Chapter:
(p.3) 1 How we Grow Unequal
Source:
The Age of Dualization
Author(s):

Patrick Emmenegger

Silja Häusermann

Bruno Palier

Martin Seeleib-Kaiser

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199797899.003.0001

This chapter introduces the concept of dualization. Poverty, inequality, and social exclusion are back on the political agenda in many rich democracies of Western Europe and North America, not only as a consequence of the Great Recession that hit the global economy in 2008. It argues that the translation of structural pressures into policies and outcomes has to be understood as a political process. Dualization is a political process that is characterized by the differential treatment of insiders and outsiders and that can take the form of newly created institutional dualisms or the deepening of existing institutional dualisms (policy output). Thereby, changes in the labor market are translated into the social policy realm, where new distinctions arise or old institutional distinctions are re-activated. Feedback effects and vicious circles are likely to strengthen this effect because weak labor attachment and social exclusion are associated with weaker political representation.

Keywords:   insider, outsider, dualization, poverty, unemployment, inequality, segmented labor markets, dual labor markets

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