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Child Protection SystemsInternational Trends and Orientations$
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Neil Gilbert, Nigel Parton, and Marit Skivenes

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780199793358

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199793358.001.0001

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Trends and Issues in the U.S. Child Welfare System

Trends and Issues in the U.S. Child Welfare System

(p.17) 2 Trends and Issues in the U.S. Child Welfare System
Child Protection Systems

Jill Duerr Berrick

Oxford University Press

The U.S. child welfare system, made up of many variations at the state and local levels, is unified in design by federal laws and regulations. This chapter reviews the definition of maltreatment as set forth by the federal government, along with rates of maltreatment reporting nationwide. A description of the general parameters of the child welfare system is provided including prevention services, out-of-home care, and long-term living alternatives for children who cannot return to their birth parents. Major federal legislation shaping child welfare policy is reviewed, though many current reform efforts are initiated at the local level. Some of the most prevalent reforms are reviewed in some detail include practice changes related to family-centered services, and cultural and community continuity.

Keywords:   family-centered services, cultural and community continuity, permanency, maltreatment, federal laws, regulations

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