This chapter looks at the way in which historical narratives become instrumental in both the discussion of and participation in the southern Thai conflict. Through interviews with history teachers and locals, the chapter provides the political and emotional elements of history-making and remembering. Thai Buddhist authorities, southern teachers, students, and Malay Muslim separatists adopt different historiographies, each of which contain religious significance. In this manner, people use southern Thai written and oral historiographies to control and justify violence. The use of historical narratives is a global theme and is found in manytwentieth-century conflicts, such as those in South Africa, India, and Iran. In these and other cases, historiographies perpetuate the violence with their polemical recollections that obscure and simplify identities.
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