Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
The Slippery Slope to GenocideReducing Identity Conflicts and Preventing Mass Murder$
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

I. William Zartman, Mark Anstey, and Paul Meerts

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780199791743

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199791743.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.oxfordscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2020. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 29 May 2020

The Roots and Prevention of Genocide and Related Mass Violence

The Roots and Prevention of Genocide and Related Mass Violence

Chapter:
(p.35) 2 The Roots and Prevention of Genocide and Related Mass Violence
Source:
The Slippery Slope to Genocide
Author(s):

Ervin Staub

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199791743.003.0002

This chapter describes influences leading to genocide (and other mass violence). These influences include economic deterioration, political chaos, great social changes, and conflict, usually between subgroups within a society. These conditions profoundly affect people materially and psychologically. Especially in the presence of cultural characteristics such as a history of devaluation of a subgroup, an authority-oriented culture, and past victimization, they give rise to scapegoating, destructive ideologies, and the beginning of an evolution of increasing hostility and violence. Leaders, followers, and witnesses/bystanders all have a role; it is the passivity of internal and external bystanders that allows the unfolding of violence. The chapter distinguishes between late prevention, which requires crisis diplomacy and forceful responses, and early prevention and reconciliation to help prevent new violence. Early prevention requires fast responses to difficult life conditions and conflict, which can promote a more positive orientation toward a devalued group, and the creation of constructive ideologies that embrace all groups and of groups that help people constructively fulfill basic psychological needs in difficult times. The chapter also briefly describes the work of the author and his associates in Rwanda, Burundi, and the Congo, using workshops/training and educational radio dramas to help people understand the roots of violence and avenues to prevention, as well as the positive impact of this work shown by evaluation studies. It discusses training that can promote constructive leadership.

Keywords:   genocide, mass violence, prevention, reconciliation, leadership, passive and active bystanders, destructive and constructive ideology

Oxford Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.

Please, subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs , and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us .