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The Animal Spirit Doctrine and the Origins of Neurophysiology$
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C.U.M. Smith, Eugenio Frixione, Stanley Finger, and William Clower

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780199766499

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199766499.001.0001

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Non-Spiritual Physiology II:

Non-Spiritual Physiology II:

Irritable Fibers

Chapter:
(p.183) Chapter 12 Non-Spiritual Physiology II:
Source:
The Animal Spirit Doctrine and the Origins of Neurophysiology
Author(s):

C. U. M. Smith

Eugenio Frixione

Stanley Finger

William Clower

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199766499.003.0012

This chapter is concerned with the fast development of the notion of irritability during the 18th century. This developed through the envisioning of various sensitive-motive “principles” found within the body and the creation of an elaborated theory of fibers. It discusses the influential work of Albrecht von Haller, who changed the concepts and methodologies of the physiology of the neuromuscular system forever. This chapter notes that it is Haller and his work on irritability that marked the arrival of irreversible decline for the idea of animal spirit.

Keywords:   irritability, sensitive-motive principles, theory of fibers, Albrecht von Haller, physiology, neuromuscular system, animal spirit

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