This chapter shows how the Jewish-Christian tradition, along with Greek philosophy, led to the creation of “Western thought.” It first studies the Jewish belief that the essence of each individual man, linked to spirit, is immortal. It then discusses the concept of resurrection and addresses the question of whether the true basic composition of human nature is composed of either two or three parts. The next two sections discuss the concepts of the spirit and soul and the soul and body, before it discusses early Christian physiology. This chapter also takes a look at the developments that occurred in the Mediterranean during the time and the concern over what “is written”.
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