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The Animal Spirit Doctrine and the Origins of Neurophysiology$
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C.U.M. Smith, Eugenio Frixione, Stanley Finger, and William Clower

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780199766499

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199766499.001.0001

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Psyche and Soma

Psyche and Soma

Chapter:
(p.9) Chapter 1 Psyche and Soma
Source:
The Animal Spirit Doctrine and the Origins of Neurophysiology
Author(s):

C. U. M. Smith

Eugenio Frixione

Stanley Finger

William Clower

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199766499.003.0001

This chapter studies the ancient Greeks' understanding of the soul and body, as well as the relationship between the two. It discusses a set of basic notions, including movement and keeping the body together against disintegration, and the heart. It studies the start of scientific thought, from the pre-Socratic philosophers until the height of classic Greek philosophy. It focuses on the works of Plato and Aristotle and outlines the development of early Greek conceptions about the soul and body. It then examines how these notions influenced the birth of scientific medicine. This chapter concludes with a review of the teachings on the soul and body by some representatives of Epicureanism and Stoicism, which are two opposing philosophical-scientific schools that prospered from the post-Aristotelian period until the rise of the Roman Empire.

Keywords:   soul, body, heart, scientific thought, Plato, Aristotle, classic Greek philosophy, pre-Socratic philosophers, Epicureanism, Stoicism

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