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Reading Augustine in the ReformationThe Flexibility of Intellectual Authority in Europe, 1500-1620$
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Arnoud S. Q. Visser

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780199765935

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199765935.001.0001

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Humanist Scholarship and Editorial Guidance

Humanist Scholarship and Editorial Guidance

Chapter:
(p.29) 2 Humanist Scholarship and Editorial Guidance
Source:
Reading Augustine in the Reformation
Author(s):

Arnoud S. Q. Visser (Contributor Webpage)

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199765935.003.0003

This chapter examines Erasmus's edition of Augustine's collected works (Basel 1528–9) to illuminate the interaction between humanist scholarship and the Reformation. The most widely disseminated version of Augustine in the sixteenth century, Erasmus's edition offered not just a thorough critical revision of the Augustinian canon, but also some surprisingly open reservations about the church father's works. This chapter explores the editorial guidance of Erasmus and Juan Luis Vives, the commentator of the City of God. It argues that Erasmus's humanist perspective on textual criticism and his theological agenda guided—and at times misguided—his editorial practice, such as in the assessment of authenticity. The result was an edition in which Augustine's works were framed by a highly ideological textual apparatus, which proved especially controversial in post-Tridentine Catholic circles.

Keywords:   Augustine of Hippo, Erasmus of Rotterdam, humanist scholarship, history of philology, pseudepigraphy, Juan Luis Vives

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