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HIV Prevention with LatinosTheory, Research, and Practice$
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Kurt C. Organista

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780199764303

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199764303.001.0001

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The Urgent Need for Structural-Environmental Models of HIV Risk and Prevention in U.S. Latino Populations

The Urgent Need for Structural-Environmental Models of HIV Risk and Prevention in U.S. Latino Populations

The Case of Migrant Day Laborers

Chapter:
(p.3) 1 The Urgent Need for Structural-Environmental Models of HIV Risk and Prevention in U.S. Latino Populations
Source:
HIV Prevention with Latinos
Author(s):

Kurt C. Organista

Paula A. Worby

James Quesada

Alex H. Kral

Rafael M. Díaz

Torsten B. Neilands

Sonya G. Arreola

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199764303.003.0001

This chapter presents a structural-environmental model of alcohol-related sexual HIV risk and prevention in Latino migrant day laborers (LMDLs). That is, the structural vulnerability of LMDLs to HIV, problem drinking, and many other psychosocial and health problems are theorized as rooted in the harsh living and working conditions that are reproduced for day labor in America (i.e., poverty, prolonged separation from family and country of origin, loneliness and isolation, stigma). Thus HIV prevention should involve scaling up community and cultural resources that help to mitigate such structural vulnerability, and help individuals cope more effectively with the risky environments and situations they frequently encounter. Chapter 1 serves as an overriding frame for subsequent book chapters, each of which considers where it stands in relation to a structural-environmental model of HIV risk and prevention in U.S. Latinos.

Keywords:   HIV, AIDS, prevention, migrant day laborers, structural-environmental factors

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