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Perceiving in DepthVolume 1 Basic Mechanisms$
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Ian P. Howard

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780199764143

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199764143.001.0001

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Vergence eye movements

Vergence eye movements

(p.475) 10 Vergence eye movements
Perceiving in Depth

Ian P. Howard

Oxford University Press

After a description of different types of eye movement the chapter describes the different types of horizontal vergence, including tonic vergence, proximal vergence, vergence induced by changes in accommodation, and vergence induced by binocular disparity. The different attributes of vergence are described, including its gain, range, latency, and dynamics. The eyes also change their vertical alignment to produce vertical vergence, and rotate in opposite directions about the visual axes to produce cyclovergence. The stimuli that evoke vertical vergence and cyclovergence, and interactions between different types of eye movements are described. The chapter ends with a discussion of the physiology of vergence eye movements.

Keywords:   eye movements, vergence, tonic vergence, proximal vergence, vertical vergence, cyclovergence

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