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Crisis of Conservatism?The Republican Party, the Conservative Movement, and American Politics After Bush$
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Joel D. Aberbach and Gillian Peele

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780199764013

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199764013.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.oxfordscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2019. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 21 September 2019

Stresses and Strain

Stresses and Strain

“Plus Ça Change” in the Parties and Voting

Chapter:
(p.89) 5 Stresses and Strain
Source:
Crisis of Conservatism?
Author(s):

John R. Petrocik

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199764013.003.0005

The chapter is a narrative about the diversity of the American party coalitions and how that diversity influences the issue agendas of the parties, the conduct of elections, and, particularly, the relationship between issue preferences and voting choices in the contemporary period. The analysis demonstrates that election dynamics are largely unchanged despite a substantial restructuring of the party coalitions over the last few decades. The current parties are more symbolically polarized but they continue to be internally fractured by many issues. The result is electoral competition between parties that require candidates and office-holders who can broker centrifugal diversity and capitalize on it in order to win elections. Losses precipitate struggles within the losing party in an effort to come to terms with their diversity.

Keywords:   Party coalitions, Ideological diversity, New Deal coalitions, Party realignment, Reagan Realignment, Party social base, Religiosity cleavage, Class cleavage, Social welfare issues, Democratic Party

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