Chapters 1 and 2 led to the conclusion that the Deaf-World is an ethnic group. This chapter examines the major challenges to the concept of Deaf ethnicity. The issues are: resistance to assimilation; socialization outside the family; Deaf disability; timing of acculturation; non-hereditary deafness; ethnic autonomy; generational transmission; common descent; role of CODAs; American pluralism; and Deaf people's vision of integration. The Deaf dilemma is this: To exercise some important rights as members of society at the expense of being mischaracterized by that society and government as a disability group, or to refuse some of those rights in the hope of gradually undermining that misconstruction and gaining rights that are truly appropriate and broader for Deaf ethnicity.
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