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The INS on the LineMaking Immigration Law on the US-Mexico Border, 1917-1954$
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S. Deborah Kang

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780199757435

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2017

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199757435.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.oxfordscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2020. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 23 January 2020

The Battle for the Border

The Battle for the Border

Chapter:
(p.36) 2 The Battle for the Border
Source:
The INS on the Line
Author(s):

S. Deborah Kang

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199757435.003.0003

The multiple challenges faced by the early Border Patrol and its efforts to overcome them are the themes of Chapter 2. It first focuses on how local residents and immigration inspectors pursued open border policies so as to sustain Prohibition era economic growth. Their vision of the border as an economic zone fueled local opposition to the emergence of the Border Patrol. The second part of the chapter describes how federal ambivalence regarding the Border Patrol left it without the resources necessary to carry out its mandate. In an effort to compensate for all of these weaknesses, the unit, as described in the third part of the chapter, resorted to the law, devising a broad vision of border enforcement. Yet, as the final part of the chapter explains, the Patrol’s efforts only generated more debates about the nature of immigration law enforcement and the very meaning of the border.

Keywords:   Border Patrol, nativism, Prohibition, Volstead Act, quota system, legalization, undocumented immigration, Customs Bureau

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