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Nation-States and the Global EnvironmentNew Approaches to International Environmental History$
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Erika Marie Bsumek, David Kinkela, and Mark Atwood Lawrence

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780199755356

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2013

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199755356.001.0001

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Making Parks out of Making Wars

Making Parks out of Making Wars

Transnational Nature Conservation and Environmental Diplomacy in the Twenty-First Century

Chapter:
(p.76) 4 Making Parks out of Making Wars
Source:
Nation-States and the Global Environment
Author(s):

Greg Bankoff

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199755356.003.0005

An unexpected outcome of the global environmental crisis is the emergence of conservation as an important aspect of conflict resolution. “Peace parks,” nature conservation areas that abut or cross international frontiers, are trumpeted by such prestigious institutions and personages as the United Nations Environment Programme and Nelson Mandela, former President of South Africa, as a new panacea to solving longstanding internal conflicts. Over less than thirty years, environmental issues in general and peace parks in particular have gone from relative insignificance to command a prominent place in matters of conflict resolution. This chapter explores the provenance of peace parks from the perspective of Paul Martin and Christine Szuter’s notion of “war zones” and “game sinks,” areas where frequent conflict ensures game is plentiful and where the lack of hostilities encourages human predation. Frontier zones or border areas historically have often been contested spaces with transitory or sparse human populations, no-man’s lands where wildlife prospers since it is only periodically disturbed by human activities.

Keywords:   peace parks, international relations, buffer zones, wildlife

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