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Evolution, Early Experience and Human DevelopmentFrom Research to Practice and Policy$
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Darcia Narvaez, Jaak Panksepp, Allan N. Schore, and Tracy R. Gleason

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780199755059

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2013

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199755059.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.oxfordscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2019. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 18 November 2019

Neurobiology and the Evolution of Mammalian Social Behavior

Neurobiology and the Evolution of Mammalian Social Behavior

Chapter:
(p.132) { 5 } Neurobiology and the Evolution of Mammalian Social Behavior
Source:
Evolution, Early Experience and Human Development
Author(s):

C. Sue Carter

Stephen W. Porges

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199755059.003.0008

At the heart of mammalian social behaviors are evolved neural and endocrine pathways that support both survival and reproduction in an “environment of evolutionary adaptiveness.” The physiological prototype for mammalian social behaviors can be found in birth, lactation, and maternal behavior. Two mammalian neuropeptides, oxytocin and arginine vasopressin, are particularly critical to mammalian reproduction and sociality, with actions throughout the central and autonomic nervous systems. The same systems that regulate the formation of social bonds and attachments also regulate emotionality and reactivity to stressful experiences. Knowledge of these neurobiological systems helps to explain the causes and consequences of social behavior and the mechanisms through which social behavior is integrated with emotional regulation and management of the “stress of life.”

Keywords:   social behavior, autonomic nervous system, oxytocin, vasopressin, evolution

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