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Social Policy and CitizenshipThe Changing Landscape$
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Adalbert Evers and Anne-Marie Guillemard

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780199754045

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2013

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199754045.001.0001

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Italy: A Territorial And Generational Divide in Social Citizenship

Italy: A Territorial And Generational Divide in Social Citizenship

(p.173) 8 Italy: A Territorial And Generational Divide in Social Citizenship
Social Policy and Citizenship

Valeria Fargion

Oxford University Press

The chapter places the discussion of recent social policy reforms in a historical perspective and argues that Italy never followed the path that Marshall identified for the development of citizenship. The roots of many current problems date back to the very origins of the nation, when two quite separate social, cultural, and economic formations developed; 150 years later, Italy is still struggling with a major North–South divide, which social policy measures have constantly and conspicuously exacerbated. The chapter continues by illustrating how the social policy reforms introduced over the past 15 years, particularly labor market deregulation, added to the territorial divide a further intergenerational divide. the last section of the chapter argues that despite Italy’s distinctiveness, the Berlusconi government’s approach to social policy was in fact quite similar to prevailing European strategies, thereby suggesting that Italy might move directly to a post-Marshallian phase. However, the unexpected move to Monti’s technocratic cabinet opens a new scenario in which it appears plausible that at last the major inequities of the Italian social protection system will be fruitfully addressed.

Keywords:   Italian welfare state, territorial divide, intergenerational divide, social citizenship

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