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Social Policy and CitizenshipThe Changing Landscape$
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Adalbert Evers and Anne-Marie Guillemard

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780199754045

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2013

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199754045.001.0001

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Citizenship in the Enabling State: The Changing Balance of Rights and Obilgations

Citizenship in the Enabling State: The Changing Balance of Rights and Obilgations

Chapter:
(p.80) 4 Citizenship in the Enabling State: The Changing Balance of Rights and Obilgations
Source:
Social Policy and Citizenship
Author(s):

Neil Gilbert

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199754045.003.0019

This chapter analyzes the transformation of the welfare state, the reasons for this change, its substantive character, and implications for social citizenship. The transformation is seen as driven by structural and sociopolitical pressures generated from four sources: demographic shifts, globalization of the economy, knowledge of unanticipated consequences of past policies, and growing faith in the market economy. The changes that emerge involve increasing privatization, promotion of work-oriented measures, targeting of social benefits, and a new understanding of the social contract. The rights of citizenship now emphasize the obligations and right to work and earn a living wage. The policy implications of this development are explored.

Keywords:   enabling state, privatization, social rights, social contract, passive benefits, active benefits

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