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Social Policy and CitizenshipThe Changing Landscape$
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Adalbert Evers and Anne-Marie Guillemard

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780199754045

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2013

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199754045.001.0001

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Reconfiguring Welfare and Reshaping Citizenship

Reconfiguring Welfare and Reshaping Citizenship

Chapter:
(p.359) 15 Reconfiguring Welfare and Reshaping Citizenship
Source:
Social Policy and Citizenship
Author(s):

Adalbert Evers

Anne-Marie Guillemard

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199754045.003.0071

One major conclusion drawn from this book is that the welfare reforms under way in Europe cannot be uniformly interpreted as a trend toward a “downgraded” citizenship; the landscape is much more complex. On one hand one can observe a convergent trend on change in the paradigms underlying the postwar welfare state. A new activating social investment agenda is developing all over Europe. Five major principles are reviewed as main constituent of this paradigmatic change: a redefinition of the state’s role as active and preventive; the future as the new horizon for interventions; a rebalanced mix of rights and obligations; a move from the goal of equality to inclusion; and a governance based on a welfare mix. But on the other hand, this convergence in paradigm change gives way to different strategies of dealing with this agenda and of implementing it, with contrasting outcomes on citizenship rights. Finally, the question is raised about the future of welfare and citizenship in the midst of the economic crisis. It is argued that besides the gloomy scenario, where financial orthodoxy is undermining the whole system of social protection, there mat be room for another scenario of a sustainable welfare based on the activating social investment perspective.

Keywords:   citizenship, activation, social investment perspective, welfare state, economic crisis, paradigm change, social rights, human rights, welfare mix

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