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Social Policy and CitizenshipThe Changing Landscape$
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Adalbert Evers and Anne-Marie Guillemard

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780199754045

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2013

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199754045.001.0001

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The two Decades of Social Policy in Poland: From Protection to Activation of Citizens

The two Decades of Social Policy in Poland: From Protection to Activation of Citizens

Chapter:
(p.305) 13 The two Decades of Social Policy in Poland: From Protection to Activation of Citizens
Source:
Social Policy and Citizenship
Author(s):

Marek Rymsza

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199754045.003.0059

The chapter analyzes social policy in Poland in a time of transition from communism to democracy, a complex process that consists of reforms of three spheres: political, market, and social. Simultaneously, Poland is facing challenges similarly to the “mature” European welfare states, and the Polish transition may be seen as a part of reshaping the European social model. Three waves of social reforms are analyzed with attention put on social citizenship. Although the general course of transition is to develop citizens’ rights, in the social sphere the tendency is opposite. The communist regime disturbed Marshall’s scenario of developing citizenship as a sequence from civil rights to political rights to social rights. It guaranteed social entitlements as a substitute of a lack of civil and political rights. Current social cuts are forced as a way of restoring freedom rights, so that Poland promotes an active social citizenship while “passive” social entitlements are still reduced.

Keywords:   citizenship, social rights, welfare state, activation, transition

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