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Psychology of ScienceImplicit and Explicit Processes$
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Robert W. Proctor and E.J. Capaldi

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780199753628

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199753628.001.0001

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Digging into Implicit/Explicit States and Processes

Digging into Implicit/Explicit States and Processes

The Case of Cognitive/Social Process Interaction in Scientific Groups

(p.436) 18 Digging into Implicit/Explicit States and Processes
Psychology of Science

Susannah B. F. Paletz

Christian D. Schunn

Oxford University Press

Research in the psychology of science has typically fallen into separate, isolated subfields within psychology. This chapter examines two models that tie together social and cognitive psychological variables important in the development of innovation in multidisciplinary science teams, separately considering convergent versus divergent creative processes. The models are theoretically examined from the perspective of explicit and implicit elements. The chapter then draws on a recent study examining the moment-by-moment interplay of conflict (a social variable) and analogy (a cognitive variable) in a real-world multidisciplinary science team to examine the empirical nature of connections between social and cognitive models. While both conflict and analogies can be implicit and explicit simultaneously, the significant connections between these two variables seem to be mainly implicit, drawing on underlying knowledge structures and differences.

Keywords:   psychology of science, social psychology, cognitive psychology, multidisciplinary science, convergent thinking, divergent thinking, conflict, analogy, social models, cognitive models

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