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Calvin and His Influence, 1509–2009$
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Irena Backus and Philip Benedict

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780199751846

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199751846.001.0001

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Calvin

Calvin

Fifth Latin Doctor of the Church?

Chapter:
(p.33) 1 Calvin
Source:
Calvin and His Influence, 1509–2009
Author(s):

Diarmaid MacCulloch

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199751846.003.0002

Calvin aspired to construct a presentation of Christian doctrine of a scope and catholicity comparable to that of the great early doctors of the Western church, Ambrose, Jerome, Augustine, and Gregory. He largely succeeded in doing so. Two enduring concerns shaped his thought: (1) to demonstrate his commitment to the Chalcedonian Christology, after his first writings inadvertently gave those hostile to him a basis for accusing him of errors concerning the doctrine of the Trinity; and (2) to demonstrate that the vision of Christianity that he defended did not entail a radical challenge to the social and political order like that of the Anabaptist Kingdom of Munster, which shocked all of Europe just at the moment when he first began to elaborate his theology.

Keywords:   Calvin's theology, doctors of the Church, Council of Chalcedon, Christology, Anabaptist Kingdom of Munster

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