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Coptic Christianity in Ottoman Egypt$
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Febe Armanios

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780199744848

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199744848.001.0001

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Locating Copts in Ottoman History

Locating Copts in Ottoman History

(p.15) 1 Locating Copts in Ottoman History
Coptic Christianity in Ottoman Egypt

Febe Armanios (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

The first chapter provides background on the Copts in Ottoman Egypt, focusing on how the conquest affected the community and how the lay and clerical leadership helped to sustain a communal identity during this period. The chapter discusses how Coptic archons benefited from their contacts with Egyptian military households, who had become the de facto political authorities by the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. As a result of their growing wealth, archons became the financiers of a vibrant religious life. The masses still relied on clergymen to minister to the community, conduct religious rites like marriage or baptism, and serve, at least symbolically, as communal figureheads. Yet as archons solidified their influence and prestige, tensions brewed over the right to lead. Moments of collaboration or conflict between the two sides shaped religious expression in Ottoman Egypt, which is the subject of later chapters.

Keywords:   conquest, communal identity, military households, religious rites, religious expression, clerical, laity, masses, collaboration, conflict

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