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Shapers of English Calvinism, 1660–1714Variety, Persistence, and Transformation$
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Dewey D. Wallace

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780199744831

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199744831.001.0001

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John Edwards

John Edwards

Church of England Calvinist

(p.205) 6 John Edwards
Shapers of English Calvinism, 1660–1714

Dewey D. Wallace, Jr.

Oxford University Press

The last Calvinist discussed in this book is John Edwards, whose father Thomas Edwards had been a Puritan heresiographer. Nonetheless he conformed to the Church of England in 1660, picturing himself as embattled in that church as he defended Calvin against detractors, argued that the Church of England's theology was properly Calvinist, and continued the struggle against Arminianism within it. Unlike others in this book, he proudly claimed the term “Calvinist” for himself. He confronted the challenges discussed in other chapters—the new science, Deism, scoffing, atheism, Socinianism, Anti-Trinitarianism—opposing them in numerous writings that dealt with epistemology, the role and definition of reason, natural theology, and the authority of scripture. Like others in the Church of England at that time he was deeply interested in the Church Fathers.

Keywords:   John Edwards, Church of England, Calvinism, Arminianism, atheism, Socinianism, Deism, natural theology, Church Fathers

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