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Italy's Lost GreeceMagna Graecia and the Making of Modern Archaeology$
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Giovanna Ceserani

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780199744275

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199744275.001.0001

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Individuals and Institutions

Individuals and Institutions

(p.135) 3 Individuals and Institutions
Italy's Lost Greece

Giovanna Ceserani

Oxford University Press

This chapter reinterprets the origins of modern classical archaeology by examining the founding of the first archaeological institute, the Instituto di Corrispondenza Archeologica. Understanding the Instituto within its Italian contexts reveals the importance to this process of Magna Graecia its material culture and its scholars and simultaneously explains Magna Graecia's subsequent marginalization. The work and life of the institute's founder, the German Eduard Gerhard, are shown to be indebted to Neapolitan cultural institutions and antiquarianism, the richness of which is evinced through the scholarship of Andrea de Jorio. Analysis of the debate on the provenance of painted vases within the Instituto's community illuminates the emerging predilection of the new archaeological discipline for mainland Greece rather than Magna Graecia. The provincialization of South Italian scholarship accompanying this process of archaeological professionalization is explored through the relationship of the Calabrese scholar Vito Capialbi with the new archaeology promoted by the Instituto.

Keywords:   Eduard Gerhard, Andrea de Jorio, Vito Capialbi, origins of modern archaeology, Neapolitan cultural institutions, nineteenth century, provenance of ancient painted vases, Instituto di Corrispondenza Archeologica, professionalization, antiquarianism

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