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Defenseless Under the Night – The Roosevelt Years, Civil Defense, and the Origins of Homeland Security | Oxford Scholarship Online
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Defenseless Under the Night: The Roosevelt Years, Civil Defense, and the Origins of Homeland Security

Matthew Dallek

Abstract

Before Pearl Harbor, Americans feared foreign invasions, air raids, biological weapons, and, conversely, the prospect of a dictatorship being established in the United States. To protect Americans from foreign and domestic threats, Franklin D. Roosevelt warned Americans that “the world has grown so small” and eventually established the precursor to the Department of Homeland Security—an Office of Civilian Defense (OCD). As its head, FDR appointed New York City Mayor Fiorello La Guardia; First Lady Eleanor Roosevelt became its assistant director. Defenseless Under the Night argues that the poli ... More

Keywords: homeland security, civilian defense, New Deal liberalism, World War II, Fiorello La Guardia, Franklin Roosevel, Eleanor Roosevelt

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2016 Print ISBN-13: 9780199743124
Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: August 2016 DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199743124.001.0001

Authors

Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Matthew Dallek, author
Assistant Professor of Political Management, George Washington University