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Defenseless Under the NightThe Roosevelt Years, Civil Defense, and the Origins of Homeland Security$
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Matthew Dallek

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780199743124

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: August 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199743124.001.0001

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Heart and Soul

Heart and Soul

(p.153) 8 Heart and Soul
Defenseless Under the Night

Matthew Dallek

Oxford University Press

Eleanor Roosevelt became a leading critic of La Guardia’s leadership of the OCD, arguing that he refused to engage a robust volunteer program as envisioned in FDR’s executive order. Finally, tired of her criticism, he offered her a post as assistant director of the OCD in charge of the volunteer program. ER’s brother Hall died in September 1941, and shortly thereafter, ER devoted herself to her new position with passionate intensity, becoming in the process the first presidential spouse to hold an official administration appointment. She brought on her own team of New Deal loyalists and set out to mobilize millions of mostly women volunteers to meet the nation’s social/military needs.

Keywords:   Mass mobilization and World War II, Eleanor Roosevelt and OCD assistant director, volunteer recruitment, wartime New Deal

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