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The Policing Web$
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Jean-Paul Brodeur

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780199740598

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199740598.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.oxfordscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2019. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 15 November 2019

High and Low Policing

High and Low Policing

Chapter:
(p.223) 7 High and Low Policing
Source:
The Policing Web
Author(s):

Jean‐Paul Brodeur

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199740598.003.0008

Chapter 7 elucidates the concept of high policing, which was introduced by the author in previous writings. The main elements of high policing are first discussed and contrasted with the characteristics of low policing. These elements are the protection of the political regime; the state defined as victim; the retention of information until it can be used with maximum efficiency; the utilization of known criminals; the use of informants; secrecy; deceit; the conflation of executive, judicial, and legislative powers; and extralegality. All these elements merge together in the establishment of a system of preventive detention, incompatible with democratic values. The use of informants being the hallmark of high policing, a second part of the chapter is devoted to developing a typology of police informers and to explore their legal privileges. Finally, a model integrating high and low policing is developed and its main features explained.

Keywords:   high policing, low policing, state, intelligence, national security, surveillance, counterterrorism, informants, preventive detention, model

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