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Empire of SoulsRobert Bellarmine and the Christian Commonwealth$
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Stefania Tutino

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780199740536

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199740536.001.0001

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The Making of a Scapegoat

The Making of a Scapegoat

The Case of Martin Becanus

(p.211) 6 The Making of a Scapegoat
Empire of Souls

Stefania Tutino

Oxford University Press

This chapter expands our area of inquiry further, by examining the implications of the debate between Bellarmine, the French Gallicans, and the English supporters of the Oath of Allegiance in the German territories. This chapter, thus, focuses on an extraordinarily interesting case, that of the German Jesuit theorist Martin Becanus and of his works against the Oath of Allegiance and in support of Bellarmine’s potestas indirecta. Those works were at the center of a complex theoretical and political battle involving the interests of the Roman Curia and its necessity of satisfying the Gallican faction of French Catholicism without paying the price of losing the battle against the German Protestants. This chapter illustrates the case of Becanus from different perspectives and in different geo-political context.

Keywords:   Germany, Becanus, Jesuits, Oath of Allegiance, Gallicanism, Protestantism

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