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Psychotherapy Relationships That WorkEvidence-Based Responsiveness$
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John C. Norcross

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780199737208

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199737208.001.0001

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Cohesion in Group Therapy

Cohesion in Group Therapy

(p.110) Chapter 5 Cohesion in Group Therapy
Psychotherapy Relationships That Work

Gary M. Burlingame

Debra Theobald McClendon

Jennifer Alonso

Oxford University Press

Cohesion is the most popular of several relationship constructs in the group therapy literature. This chapter reviews the most frequently cited definitions and studied measures of group cohesion. This chapter briefly introduces a new measure, the Group Questionnaire, which elucidates group relationships by suggesting two latent factors of cohesion: relationship quality (positive bond, positive work, and negative relationship) and structure factors (member–leader and member–member). To further understand the literature, a meta-analysis was conducted examining the relationship between cohesion and treatment outcome in forty studies. Results indicate cohesion has a moderate relationship with outcome and five moderator variables. Consideration of measures and practices to improve treatment outcome are highlighted.

Keywords:   group therapy, cohesion, therapy relationship, meta-analysis

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