This chapter reviews the body of research examining the broader impact of the Individual Placement and Support (IPS) model on non-vocational outcomes, that is, the broader impact of IPS beyond the work place. It considers three common hypotheses on non-vocational outcomes. First, work may improve people's incomes and enable them to escape from poverty. Second, work may enhance other psychosocial outcomes, such as self-esteem, social relationships, housing, or quality of life. Third, work may improve the course of mental illness and clinical indicators, such as severity of psychiatric symptoms and psychiatric hospitalizations. The discussion then turns to non-vocational outcomes in four IPS studies. The chapter concludes that, overall, support for the major hypotheses is consistent but weak, in part because studies have not been designed to test these relationships.
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