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Collected Papers, Volume 2Knowledge, Rationality, and Morality, 1978-2010$
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Stephen Stich

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780199733477

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199733477.001.0001

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Reflective Equilibrium, Analytic Epistemology, and the Problem of Cognitive Diversity

Reflective Equilibrium, Analytic Epistemology, and the Problem of Cognitive Diversity

Chapter:
(p.67) 4 Reflective Equilibrium, Analytic Epistemology, and the Problem of Cognitive Diversity
Source:
Collected Papers, Volume 2
Author(s):

Stephen Stich

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199733477.003.0004

This chapter is about different ways of thinking—or cognitive diversity—and the problem of choosing among them. Two claims are defended. The first is that one influential proposal for solving the problem of cognitive diversity—a proposal that invokes the notion of reflective equilibrium, will not work. The second is much more radical. It is argued that although some of the objections to the reflective equilibrium solution turn on details of that idea, the most serious objection generalizes into an argument against an entire epistemological tradition—the tradition called “analytic epistemology.” Before attending to either of these claims, however, the chapter discusses the notions of cognition and cognitive diversity.

Keywords:   thinking, reflective equilibrium, analytic epistemology, cognition

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