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Social Work and Social DevelopmentTheories and Skills for Developmental Social Work$
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James Midgley and Amy Conley

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780199732326

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199732326.001.0001

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Social Development, Social Enterprise, and Homeless Youth

Social Development, Social Enterprise, and Homeless Youth

(p.145) 8 Social Development, Social Enterprise, and Homeless Youth
Social Work and Social Development


Oxford University Press

Traditional service delivery for homeless youths consists of residential as well as outreach and shelter services. Although traditional services aim to mitigate the health, mental health, and social problems of homeless youths, this approach fails to replace their street-survival behaviors with other legal, income-generating activities. Due to its focus on meeting these youths’ basic needs, traditional service provision reflects the remedial or maintenance-consumption approach to social work. In the case of homeless youths, successful strategies to move them from the informal to the formal economy require more than employment in low-paying positions, since their formal labor-market participation is often hindered by the challenges inherent in living on the streets. This chapter describes existing social investment strategies for homeless youths and suggests that through social enterprises, these youths can acquire vocational and business skills, mentorship, clinical treatment, and linkages to services to facilitate their economic and social self-sufficiency.

Keywords:   social enterprise, homeless youth, mental health, social work, social development

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