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Workers Across the AmericasThe Transnational Turn in Labor History$
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Leon Fink

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780199731633

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199731633.001.0001

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Patronage and Progress

Patronage and Progress

The Bracero Program from the Perspective of Mexico

Chapter:
(p.245) 14 Patronage and Progress
Source:
Workers Across the Americas
Author(s):

Michael Snodgrass

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199731633.003.0018

This chapter explores Mexico's evolution into the world's premier emigrant-sending nation through an analysis of state migration policies, especially the Bracero Program (1942–64). The bilateral accord sent more than two million men to labor in American agriculture as seasonal migrants. At the time, it generated widespread opposition in both the United States and Mexico. The chapter illustrates why the Mexican government promoted migration to the United States as a means of achieving human and material progress at home. Focusing on the state of Jalisco, it explains how a guest worker program that undermined conditions for farmworkers in the United States produced beneficial returns for Mexican sending communities, where the Bracero Program fostered a culture of migration that persists to this day.

Keywords:   emigration, agriculture, Mexico, Bracero Program, farm workers

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