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Urban HealthCombating Disparities with Local Data$
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Steven Whitman, Ami Shah, and Maureen Benjamins

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780199731190

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199731190.001.0001

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Disproportionate Impact of Diabetes in a Puerto Rican Community of Chicago

Disproportionate Impact of Diabetes in a Puerto Rican Community of Chicago

Chapter:
(p.225) 10 Disproportionate Impact of Diabetes in a Puerto Rican Community of Chicago
Source:
Urban Health
Author(s):

Steven Whitman

José E. López

Steven K. Rothschild

Jaime Delgado

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199731190.003.0010

The prevalence of diabetes in adults in the United States has been steadily increasing from 4.9% in 1990 to 6.1% in 2004. Diabetes prevalence is higher in U.S. non-Hispanic Blacks and Hispanics compared to non-Hispanic Whites, and Puerto Ricans have a particularly high prevalence of diabetes. This chapter first presents data describing the diabetes epidemic in the Humboldt Park/West Town (HP/WT) area of Chicago. It then discusses how the community took ownership of these data and their implications, disseminated them widely, and converted the bad news of the data and the energy of the community into funding for an intervention, which is now in place. This intervention offers an opportunity to reverse the terrible damage being wrought by diabetes in the community and also to shift the ideological manner in which community-based interventions are considered. Finally, the chapter offers some observations and implications.

Keywords:   Puerto Ricans, diabetes prevalence, community health, public health, Humboldt Park, West Town

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