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Striving in the Path of GodJihad and Martyrdom in Islamic Thought$
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Asma Afsaruddin

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780199730933

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2013

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199730933.001.0001

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Jihād and Martyrdom Compared in Early and Later Hadı̄th Literature

Jihād and Martyrdom Compared in Early and Later Hadı̄th Literature

Chapter:
(p.116) V Jihād and Martyrdom Compared in Early and Later Hadı̄th Literature
Source:
Striving in the Path of God
Author(s):

Asma Afsaruddin

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199730933.003.0006

Chapter Five compares early (from before the late third/ninth century) and late hadīth works and brings to the fore a range of competing interpretations on how best to strive in the path of God, engendered by the polyvalence of the term jihād in the Qur’ān. Similarly, early hadīth works, in contrast to later ones, also preserve a broad range of meanings for the terms shahīd and shuhadā’ that are often not replicated in later works. The preservation of the broader semantic content of these terms in diverse early works in comparison with later sources allows for reasoned speculation on the probable historical and socio-political reasons for the subsequent circumscription of their meanings. The chapter discusses in great detail the contents of the fadā’il al-jihād sections in al-Musannaf of ’Abd al-Razzāq, al-Muṣannaf of Ibn Abī Shayba (d. 235/849) and in the six authoritative Sunnī hadīth compilations.

Keywords:   hadīth, Qur’ān, shahīd, shuhadā’, jihād, al-Musannaf, ’Abd al-Razzāq, ’Abd al-Razzāq, Sunnī, hadīth compilations

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