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Striving in the Path of GodJihad and Martyrdom in Islamic Thought$
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Asma Afsaruddin

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780199730933

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2013

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199730933.001.0001

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Striving “for,” “in,” and “in the Path of” God

Striving “for,” “in,” and “in the Path of” God

Qur’anic Imperatives in the Middle Meccan–Early Medinan Period

(p.10) I Striving “for,” “in,” and “in the Path of” God
Striving in the Path of God

Asma Afsaruddin

Oxford University Press

This chapter deals with the Qur’anic concepts of jihād and ṣabr by selectively looking at verses which refer to the non-combative meanings of these terms between the middle Meccan to the early Medinan period. Several key exegetical works from the Umayyad to the Mamlūk periods are consulted. They include the commentaries of Mujāhid b. Jabr (d. ca. 104/722); Muqātil b. Sulaymān (d. 150/767), al-Tabarī (d. 310/ 923); al-Wāhidī (d. 468/1076); al-Zamakhsharī (d. ca. 538/1144) Fakhr al-Dīn al-Rāzī (d. 606/1210), and al-Qurtubī (d. 671/1273) in order to obtain representative samplings of views from various historical periods. The focus in this chapter, as is true of subsequent chapters, is on the retrieval of multiple and contested understandings of jihād and ṣabr through a comparison of early and later works of exegesis.

Keywords:   jihād, ṣabr, Mujāhid b. Jabr, Muqātil b. Sulaymān, al-Tabarī, al-Wāhidī, al-Zamakhsharī, Fakhr al-Dīn al-Rāzī, al-Qurtubī

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