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Logic in GrammarPolarity, Free Choice, and Intervention$
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Gennaro Chierchia

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780199697977

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2013

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199697977.001.0001

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Universal Free Choice

Universal Free Choice

(p.302) 6 Universal Free Choice
Logic in Grammar

Gennaro Chierchia

Oxford University Press

This chapter discusses FC items that readily acquire universal force like English any and Italian (bare) qualunque. Building on an extensive literature, the behavior of these items is reviewed in some key contexts (subtrigging, partitives, generics, imperatives). The main proposal is that the universal force of any and related items derives from (i) a wide scope constraints that forces them to have wide scope over a clausemate modal, whenever possible and (ii) a weakening of the effect of their scalar implicature in modal contexts (‘Modal Containment’). The scope contraint in (i) is suggested to be an incarnation of ‘Maximize Strength’. The distribution and properties of FC any are argued to be derivable from these parameters on the background of the general theory developed thus far. Differences between any and qualunque are derived via ‘Obligatory Strengthening’, that all items of the qualunque series have been shown to be subject to. This proposal is compared to a series of available alternatives.

Keywords:   universal free choice, subtrigging, free choice under partitives, modal containment/fluctuation, free choice in generics, free choice in imperatives, wide scope constraint

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