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Telicity, Change, and StateA Cross-Categorial View of Event Structure$
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Violeta Demonte and Louise McNally

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780199693498

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199693498.001.0001

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Passive states

Passive states

(p.185) 8 Passive states
Telicity, Change, and State

Berit Gehrke

Oxford University Press

This chapter addresses the semantics of the German adjectival passive and investigates restrictions on event-related modification with this construction. The account proposed, according to which German adjectival passives instantiate a consequent state kind of an event kind, is motivated by the following facts. First, this construction is fully acceptable only with verbs whose event structure contains a consequent state, represented by an event-semantically interpreted become component. Furthermore, only those event-related modifiers are possible with German adjectival passives that modify either the event kind argument or the state itself. However, modifiers that need to access an event token, such as temporal or spatial modifiers, are not grammatical.

Keywords:   event, event structure, argument structure, passive, adjectival passive, adverbial modification, event-related modification, participle

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