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Innovation, Human Capabilities, and DemocracyTowards an Enabling Welfare State$
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Reijo Miettinen

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780199692613

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2013

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199692613.001.0001

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The adoption of NIS in the Finnish science and technology policy of the 1990s

The adoption of NIS in the Finnish science and technology policy of the 1990s

Chapter:
(p.52) 4 The adoption of NIS in the Finnish science and technology policy of the 1990s
Source:
Innovation, Human Capabilities, and Democracy
Author(s):

Reijo Miettinen

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199692613.003.0004

Chapter 4 analyzes the adoption and use of the national innovation system approach in the Finnish science and technology policy of the 1990s and 2000s. The term was used to create a consensus around a national goal of competitiveness through systematic development of the Finnish national innovation system. The new innovation policy, however, did not introduce novel policy institutions and practices. Rather it reproduced and developed further the instruments created by the industrial, science, and technology policies of the previous decades. In the 2000s the turn to social innovation, the extension of innovation into public services as well as the introduction of a broad-based concept innovation made innovation almost a synonym of the political, social and cultural development of society. This extension, on the other hand, made the limitations of the economist, firm-centred national innovation system approach visible.

Keywords:   consensus, social innovation, broad-based innovation, Finland, public services

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