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The Neutron's ChildrenNuclear Engineers and the Shaping of Identity$

Sean F. Johnston

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780199692118

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199692118.001.0001

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(p.280) Bibliography

(p.280) Bibliography

The Neutron's Children
Oxford University Press

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—— , Scaling Up: The Institution of Chemical Engineers and the Rise of a New Profession (Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic, 2000)

DOE, OpenNet, ‘History of the activities of the Manhattan District Research Division, October 15, 1945–December 31, 1946’, 31 December 1946, DOE ON NV0714682

—— , ‘Remarks by Seaborg at the 25th anniversary of Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne Illinois (AEC-S-12–71)’, 19 June 1971, DOE ON NV0712412

Doern, G. Bruce, Science and Politics in Canada (Montreal: McGill University Press, 1972)

Du Pont, ‘Savannah River Plant History—All Areas—Aug 1950 through June 1954’, bound report, 1954, Hagley 1957 Series V Box 51

Duffield, Robert B. to C. C. McSwain, letter, 27 July 1971, UI Box 56

Duncan, Otis Dudley, ‘Sociologists should reconsider nuclear energy’, Social Forces 57 (1978): 1–22

Dunworth, John V., ‘Pay rise for 15,000’, Nuclear Power—The Journal of British Nuclear Engineering 1 (1956): 48

—— , ‘It's not just ordinary engineering’, Nuclear Power—The Journal of British Nuclear Engineering 3 (1958): 36

Editorial, Nucleonics 9 (1954): 3

—— , The Engineer 200 (1955): 569

—— , ‘Another industrial revolution?’ Nuclear Engineering 1 (1956): 1

—— , ‘The press at Harwell’, Nuclear Engineering 1 (1956): 138

—— , ‘Training the nuclear engineer’, Nuclear Engineering 1 (1956): 5

—— , ‘Jobs for the boys’, Nuclear Engineering 2 (1957): 85

—— , ‘Secrecy wraps lifted’, Nuclear Power—The Journal of British Nuclear Engineering 2 (1957): 5

—— , ‘The nuclear industry’, Nuclear Power—The Journal of British Nuclear Engineering 3 (1958): 150

Edwards, J., ‘Nuclear training facilities at the Royal Naval College, Greenwich’, Nature 200 (1960): 545–7

—— , ‘Nuclear power—learning from the lessons of the past’, Nuclear Engineer 22 (1981): 98–106

Eggleston, Wilfred, Canada's Nuclear Story (Toronto: Clarke, Irwin, 1965)

—— , National Research in Canada: the NRC, 1916–1966 (Toronto: Clarke, Irwin, 1978)

Egorov, Nikolai N., The Radiation Legacy of the Soviet Nuclear Complex: An Analytical Overview (London: Earthscan, 2000)

Eisenhower administration, ‘General outline for Agronsky program’, 16 December 1953, Eisenhower Presidential Library, http://www.eisenhower.utexas.edu/dl/Atoms_For_Peace/Binder14.pdf

—— , ‘Project ‘Candor’’, 22 July 1953, Eisenhower Presidential Library, http://www.eisenhower.utexas.edu/dl/Atoms_For_Peace/Binder17.pdf

Eisenhower, Dwight D., ‘Atoms for Peace’, United Nations General Assembly, 470th Plenary Meeting 8 December 1953

Evans, R. M. to C. A. Nelson, letter, 9 August 1950, Hagley 1957 Series II Box 6 File—Administrative policy correspondence, general, 1950–1963

Fanner, A. A. and J. M. Hill, ‘Incidents in the life of the Windscale piles’, 26 May 1953, NA AB 7/18254

Fawcett, Ruth, Nuclear Pursuits: The Scientific Biography of Wilfrid Bennett Lewis (Montreal: McGill-Queen's University Press, 1994)

Fermi, Laura, Atoms in the Family: My Life with Enrico Fermi (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1954)

Finniston, Montague, ‘Opening Address, Institution of Nuclear Engineers 1977–1978’, NA BT 251/198

Fishenden, R. M. to Editor of Atomic Scientists’ News, letter, 19 August 1949, NA AB 16/52

Fishlock, David, ‘The world's nuclear engineers compare notes’, New Scientist, 3 September 1964: 551–2

Fiske, John, Understanding Popular Culture (Boston: Unwin Hyman, 1989)

Folger, J. K. and M. L. Meeks, ‘Educated manpower: key to nuclear development’, in: R. Sugg Jr (ed.), Nuclear Energy in the South (Baton Rouge, 1957), pp. 105–38

Foreword, ‘Soviet Journal of Atomic Energy’, Soviet Journal of Atomic Energy 1 (1956): 75

Forgan, Sophie, ‘Atoms in Wonderland’, History and Technology 19 (2003): 177–96

Forman, Paul, ‘Behind quantum electronics: National security as basis for physical research in the United States, 1940–1960’, Historical Studies in the Physical and Biological Sciences 18 (1987): 149–229

Forman, Paul and José M. Sánchez Ron, National Military Establishments and the Advancement of Science and Technology: Studies in 20th Century History (Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic, 1996)

Fox, Marvin, ‘Fundamentals of reactor design’, presented at Atomic Energy in Industry, 2nd Annual Conference, Montauk, NY, 1953

(p.288) Franklin, N. L., ‘The contribution of chemical engineering to the U. K. nuclear industry’, in: W. F. Furter (ed.), History of Chemical Engineering (Washington, DC: American Chemical Society, 1980), pp. 335–66

Frenkel, Stephen, ‘A hot idea? Planning a nuclear canal in Panama’, Cultural Geographies 5 (1998): 303–9

Frisch, Otto, What Little I Remember (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1979)

Fuller, John G., We Almost Lost Detroit (New York: Ballantine Books, 1976)

Fulling, R. W. to F. C. VonderLage, letter, 14 May 1954, Hagley 1957 Series III Box 12 folder 6

Fullmer, G. C., ‘Pile Technology Course’, personal notebook, 26 January 1950–30 Septamber 1960, DOE DDRS D198027813

Furman, Necah Stewart, Sandia National Laboratories: The postwar decade (Albuquerque: University of New Mexico press, 1990)

Furter, William F. (ed.), History of Chemical Engineering (Pittsburgh, Penn.: American Chemical Society, 1980)

Gaines, Matthew J., Atomic Energy (London: Feltham Hamlyn, 1969)

Galbreath, Ross, ‘The Rutherford connection: New Zealand scientists and the Manhattan and Montreal projects’, War in History 2 (1995): 306–21

Galison, Peter, Image and Logic: A Material Culture of Microphysics (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1997)

—— , ‘Removing knowledge’, Critical Enquiry 31 (2004): 229–43

Galison, Peter and Barton J. Bernstein, ‘Physics between war and peace’, in: M. R. S. Mendelsohn and P. Weingart (eds.), Science, Technology, and the Military (Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic, 1988), pp. 47–86

Galison, Peter and Bruce Hevly, Big Science: The Growth of Large-Scale Research (Stanford, Calif.: Stanford University Press, 1992)

Gaspar, Júlia ‘The two Iberian nuclear programmes: Post-war scientific endeavours in a comparative approach (1948–1973)’, presented at 7th Meeting, Science and Technology in the European Periphery, Galway, Ireland, 2010

Gast, P. F., ‘Comment on the probability of a pile disaster’, memo, 20 October 1954, DOE DDRS D8372268

Gast, P. F. and C. W. J. Wende, ‘Reactivity experience and control to July 1, 1945’, memo to file, 20 September 1945, Hagley 1957 Series III Box 58 folder 4

Geison, Gerald L., ‘Scientific change, emerging specialties, and research schools’, History of Science 29 (1981): 20–40

General Electric, ‘Four years at Hanford’, report, 1951, DOE DDRS D19803392

Genereaux, R. P., ‘Object of survey’, memo, 29 December 1948, Hagley 1957 Series I Box 2 folder 9

Gerber, Michele S., On the Home Front: The Cold War Legacy of the Hanford Nuclear Site (Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1997)

Gibb, Claude, ‘Industry and atomic power’, Atomic Scientists’ News 2 (1952): 98–103

Gilligan, Andrew, ‘Japan earthquake: the Fukushima 50 fight to stave off disaster’, Daily Telegraph, 16 March 2011

Gingras, Yves, ‘The institutionalization of scientific research in Canadian universities: the case of physics’, Canadian Historical Review 67 (1986): 181–94

Gispen, Kees, New Profession, Old Order: Engineers and German Society, 1815–1914 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1989)

Glasstone, Samuel, Principles of Nuclear Reactor Engineering (Princeton, NJ: Van Nostrand, 1955)

Glasstone, Samuel and Milton C. Edlund, The Elements of Nuclear Reactor Theory (Princeton, NJ: Van Nostrand, 1952)

Glennan, T. Keith, ‘The engineer in the AEC’, Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists 8 (1952): 55

Goddard, Tony to S. F. Johnston, interview, 2 July 2008, London, England, SFJ collection

Goodman, Clark (ed.), The Science and Engineering of Nuclear Power, Vol. I (Reading, Mass.: Addison-Wesley, 1947)

Goudsmit, Samuel A., Alsos: The Failure of German Science (New York: Sigma Books, 1947)

Government of Japan Nuclear Emergency Response Headquarters, ‘Report of Japanese Government to the IAEA Ministerial Conference on Nuclear Safety—The Accident at TEPCO's Fukushima Nuclear Power Stations’, http://www.kantei.go.jp/foreign/kan/topics/201106/iaea_houkokusho_e.html, accessed 20 June 2011

Gowing, Margaret, Britain and Atomic Energy, 1939–1945 (New York: St Martin's Press, 1964)

Gowing, Margaret and Lorna Arnold, Independence and Deterrence: Britain and Atomic Energy, Vol. I: Policy Making, 1945–52 (London: MacMillan, 1974)

—— , Independence and Deterrence: Britain and Atomic Energy, Vol. II: Policy Execution, 1945–52 (London: MacMillan, 1974)

(p.289) Graham, Loren, The Ghost of the Executed Engineer: Technology and the Fall of the Soviet Union (Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1993)

—— , What Have We Learned About Science and Technology from the Russian Experience? (Stanford, Calif.: Stanford University Press, 1998)

Grayson, Lawrence P., The Making of an Engineer: An Illustrated History of Engineering Education in the United States and Canada (New York: John Wiley, 1993)

Greenbaum, Leonard, A Special Interest: The Atomic Energy Commission, Argonne National Laboratory, and the Midwestern Universities (Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1971)

Greenewalt, Crawford H., ‘Manhattan Project Diary, Vol. I’, 1942, Hagley 1889

—— , ‘Manhattan Project Diary, Vol. II’, 1942–43, Hagley 1889

—— , ‘Manhattan Project Diary, Vol. III’, 1944–45, Hagley 1889

—— , ‘Stine's memorandum’, 27 November 1942, Hagley 1957 Series I Box 1

Gregory, Colin to S. F. Johnston, interview, 19 September 2007, Thurso, Scotland, SFJ collection

Groves, Leslie R., Now it can be Told: The Story of the Manhattan Project (New York, N.Y.: Harper & Row, 1962)

Guéron, Jules to C. J. Mackenzie, memo, 13 December 1945, LAC RG77 Vol. 283

Gusterson, Hugh, Nuclear Rites: A Weapons Laboratory at the End of the Cold War (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1996)

—— , ‘The death of the authors of death: prestige and creativity among nuclear weapons scientists’, in: Biagioli, Mario and Peter Galison (eds.), Scientific Authorship: Credit and Intellectual Property in Science (New York: Routledge, 2003), pp. 281–307

Haber, Heinz, The Walt Disney Story of Our Friend the Atom (New York: Simon & Schuster, 1957)

Hales, Peter B., Atomic Spaces: Living on the Manhattan Project (Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1997)

Hall, G. R., ‘Nuclear technology in a university environment’, presented at Imperial College of Science and Technology inaugural lecture, 1964

Hall, H. L., Jr. Dodds, H. L., J. P. Hayward, L. H. Heilbronn, J. W. Hines, H. Liao, G. I. Maldonado, L. F. Miller, R. E. Pevey, A. E. Ruggles, L. W. Townsend and B. R. Uphadhyaya, ‘Nuclear engineering and nuclear security: a growing emphasis at the University of Tennessee’, presented at Proceedings of the Pacific Northwest International Conference on Global Nuclear Security–the Decade Ahead, 2010

Hall, Jeremy, Real Lives, Half Lives (London: Penguin, 1996)

Hall, Tony, Nuclear Politics: The History of Nuclear Power in Britain (Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1986)

Harrell, W. B. to A. H. Frye Jr, letter, 9 March 1946, UI Box 19

Harrer, Joseph R., ‘Briefing on atomic science for Missouri newsmen’, press release, Argonne National Laboratory, 14 February 1958, UI Box 10

Hartcup, Guy and T. E. Allibone, Cockcroft and the Atom (Bristol: Adam Hilger, 1984)

Hartley, Harold, Chemistry and Industry (25 April 1953): 404–5

—— , ‘The place of chemical engineering in modern industry’, School Science Review (March 1954): 199–202

Harwood, Jonathan, ‘Engineering education between science and practice: rethinking the historiography’, History and Technology 22 (2006): 53–79

Hawes, Lewis, ‘Far too secret a secret’, Atomic Scientists’ News 3 (1949): 7–19

Hayes, Denis, Rays of Hope: The Transition to a Post-Petroleum World (New York: W. W. Norton, 1977)

Haynes, Roslynn, From Faust to Strangelove: Representations of the Scientist in Western Literature (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1994)

Healy, J. W., ‘Computations of the environmental effects of a reactor disaster’, memo, 14 December 1953, DOE DDRS D198160849

—— , ‘Report of trip to Harwell to review health and safety aspects of the Windscale incident’, memo, 12 November 1957, DOE DDRS D8553051

Hecht, David K., ‘The atomic hero: Robert Oppenheimer and the making of scientific icons in the early Cold War’, Technology and Culture 49 (2008): 943–66

Hecht, Gabrielle, ‘Political designs: nuclear reactors and national policy in postwar France’, Technology and Culture 35 (1994): 657–85

—— , ‘Rebels and pioneers: technocratic ideologies and social identities in the French nuclear workplace 1955–1969’, Social Studies of Science 26 (1996): 483–529

—— , ‘Enacting cultural identity: risk and ritual in the French nuclear workplace’, Journal of Contemporary History 32 (1997): 483–507

(p.290) —— , The Radiance of France: Nuclear Power and National Identity after World War II (Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press, 1998)

—— , ‘The power of nuclear things’, Technology and Culture 51 (2010): 1–30

Hentschel, Klaus (ed.) and Ann M. Hentschel (translator), Physics and National Socialism: An Anthology of Primary Sources (Berlin: Birkhäuser, 1996)

Herken, Gregg, ‘“A most deadly illusion”: the atomic secret and American nuclear weapons policy, 1945–1950’, Pacific Historical Review 49 (1980): 51–76

—— , Brotherhood of the Bomb: The Tangled Lives and Loyalties of Robert Oppenheimer, Ernest Lawrence, and Edward Teller (New York: Henry Holt and Company, 2002)

Herran, Néstor, ‘Spreading nucleonics: the Isotope School at the Atomic Energy Research Establishment, 1951–67’, British Journal for the History of Science 39 (2006): 569–86

Hewlett, Richard G., ‘Beginnings of development in nuclear technology’, Technology and Culture 17 (1976): 465–78

Hewlett, Richard G. and Francis Duncan, Nuclear Navy, 1946–1962 (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1974)

Hewlett, Richard G. and Jack M. Holl, Atomic Shield, 1947–1952 (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1969)

—— , Atoms for Peace and War, 1953–1961 (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1969)

—— , The New World, 1939–1946 (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1969)

Hilberry, Norman, ‘Plan for continued operation of Argonne Laboratory’, 5 December 1945, UI Box 44

—— , ‘Statement to the Advisory Committee on Future Argonne Laboratory Operation (draft)’, memo, 24 November 1945, UI Box 134

—— to F. Daniels, letter, 5 February 1948, UI Box 19

—— to M. B. Powers, letter, 24 February 1960, UI Box 85

Hinton, Christopher to H. Hartley, letter, 4 August 1954, NA AB 19/84

—— , ‘Inaugural address’, Journal of the British Nuclear Energy Society 1 (1955): 1–2

—— to T. P. Creed, letter, 23 November 1955, NA AB 19/84

—— to J. M. Kay, letter, 4 January 1955 and 22 December 1954, NA AB 19/84

—— to O. A. Saunders, letters, 5 and 9 January 1956, NA AB 7/40

—— , ‘Inaugural address’, Journal of the British Nuclear Energy Conference 1 (1956): 1–2

—— to J. M. Kay, letter, 9 January 1957, NA AB 19/84

—— , Engineers and Engineering (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1970)

—— , ‘The birth of the breeder’, in: J. S. Forrest (ed.), The Breeder Reactor: Proceedings of a Meeting at the University of Strathclyde 25 March 1977 (Edinburgh, 1977), pp. 8–13

—— , Hinton A.3, Institution of Mechanical Engineers Archives

—— , ‘unpublished memoirs Chap XI: Risley Organization’, IME Hinton A.3

—— , ‘unpublished memoirs Chap XIV: The Diffusion Plant’, IME Hinton A.4

—— , ‘unpublished memoirs Chap XVI: The Reasons Why’, IME Hinton A.4

HMSO, Scientific and Engineering Manpower in Great Britain (London: HMSO, 1956)

Hoddeson, Lillian, Paul W. Henriksen, Roger A. Meade and Catherine Westfall, Critical Assembly: A Technical History of Los Alamos During The Oppenheimer Years, 1943–1945 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1993)

Hodgson, P. E., ‘The British Atomic Scientists’ Association, 1946–59’, Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists 15 (1959): 393–4

Holliday, Joe, Dale of the Mounted: Atomic Plot (Toronto: Thomas Allen, 1959)

Holloway, David, Stalin and the Bomb: The Soviet Union and Atomic Energy, 1939–1956 (New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press, 1994)

Hope, Nelson W., Atomic Town (New York: Comet, 1954)

Hounshell, David A. and John Kenly Smith, Science and Corporate Strategy: Du Pont R & D, 1902–1980 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1988)

Howe, C. D. to D. C. Abbott, letter, Ottawa, Ontario, LAC RG29-F-2 Vol. 5361

Hu, Howard, Katherine Yih and Arjun Makhijani, Nuclear Wastelands: A Global Guide To Nuclear Weapons Production And Its Health And Environmental Effects (Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press, 1995)

Hughes, Jeff, ‘The French connection: the Joliot-Curies and nuclear research in Paris, 1925–1933’, History and Technology 13 (1997): 325–43

—— , ‘Modernists with a vengeance’: changing cultures of theory in nuclear science, 1920–1930’, Studies In History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies In History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 29 (1998): 339–67

(p.291) —— , ‘Plasticine and valves: industry, instrumentation and the emergence of nuclear physics’, in: J.-P. Gaudillière and I. Löwy (eds.), The Invisible Industrialist. Manufactures and the Production of Scientific Knowledge (London: Macmillan, 1998), pp. 58–101

—— , The Manhattan Project: Big Science and the Atom Bomb (New York: Columbia University Press, 2003)

—— , ‘Radioactivity and nuclear physics’, in: M. J. Nye (ed.), The Cambridge History of Science: The Modern Physical and Mathematical Sciences (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2003), pp. 350–74

—— , ‘Essay review—Deconstructing the bomb: recent perspectives on nuclear history’, British Journal for the History of Science 37 (2004): 455–64

Hughes, Thomas Parke, American Genesis: A Century of Invention and Technological Enthusiasm, 1870–1970 (New York: Viking, 1989)

—— , Networks of Power: Electrification in Western Society, 1880–1930 (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1993)

—— , ‘Technological momentum’, in: M. R. Smith and L. Marx (eds.), Does Technology Drive History? The Dilemma of Technological Determinism (Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press, 1994), pp. 101–14

Hull, J. W., H. T. Kelley and R. L. Daerr to Officer in Charge: Intelligence Office, memo, 29 July 1946, Hanford, DOE DDRS D4763587

Hurst, D. G. and E. Critoph (eds.), Canada Enters the Nuclear Age: A Technical History of Atomic Energy of Canada Limited as Seen from its Research Laboratories (Montreal: Atomic Energy of Canada Ltd, 1997)

Imperial Chemical Industries Ltd, ‘Report by M.A.U.D. Committee on the Use of Uranium for a Bomb, Appendix VII: Nuclear energy as a source of power’, in: Gowing, M., Britain and Atomic Energy 1939–1945 (London: Macmillan, 1964)

Isbin, Herb, ‘Licensing and regulation of university research reactors’, memo, February 1963, UI Box 100

Jackson, Duncan, ‘Bringing technology to the community: Sellafield Visitors’ Centre’, in: J. Durant (ed.), Museums and the Public Understanding of Science (London: Science Museum, 1992), pp. 103–7

Jammer, Max, The Philosophy of Quantum Mechanics: The Interpretations of Quantum Mechanics in Historical Perspective (New York: John Wiley, 1974)

Jarausch, Konrad, The Unfree Professions (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1990)

Jay, Kenneth, Calder Hall: The Story of Britain's First Atomic Power Station (London: Methuen, 1956)

Jeffries, Zay, ‘Prospectus on Nucleonics’, report, University of Chicago Metallurgical Laboratory, 13 November 1944, reproduced in: Smith, A. K., A Peril and a Hope: The Scientists’ Movement in America: 1945–47, Appendix I

Jesiek, Brent K., Between Discipline and Profession: A History of Persistent Instability in the Field of Computer Engineering, circa 1951–2006, PhD thesis, Princeton (2006)

Joerges, Bernward and Terry Shinn (eds.), Instrumentation: Between Science, State, and Industry (Dordrecht: Kluwer, 2001)

John, Brian S., Nuclear Power and Jobs: The Tranwsfynydd Experience (Newport: Cilgwyn, 1986)

Johnson, Charles W., City Behind A Fence: Oak Ridge, Tennessee 1942–1946 (Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press, 1981)

Johnson, Leland and Daniel Schaffer, Oak Ridge National Laboratory: The First Fifty Years (Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press, 1994)

Joseph, J. Walter and Cy J. Banick, ‘The genesis of the Savannah River site key decisions, 1950’, presented at 50 Years of Excellence in Science and Engineering at the Savannah River Site: Proceedings of the Symposium, May 17, 2000, Aiken, SC

Josephson, Paul R., ‘Atomic-powered communism: nuclear culture in the postwar USSR’, Slavic Review 55 (1996): 297–324

—— , Red Atom: Russia's Nuclear Power Program from Stalin to Today (New York: W. H. Freeman, 1999)

—— , ‘Technological utopianism in the twenty-first century: Russia's nuclear future’, History and Technology 19 (2003): 277–92

Jungk, Robert, Brighter than a Thousand Suns: A Personal History of the Atomic Scientists (San Diego: Harcourt Brace, 1956)

Kamack, Harry J., ‘ORSORT curriculum’, memo, 10 June 1953, Hagley 1957 Series III Box 12 folder 4 ORSORT 1953–54

—— , ‘Report on first term of ORSORT year’, memo, 20 January 1954, Hagley 1957 Series III Box 12 folder 4 ORSORT 1953–54

—— , ‘Report on year of training at Oak Ridge School of Reactor Technology—1953–1954’, memo, 8 September 1954, Hagley 1957 Series III Box 12 folder 4 ORSORT 1953–54

(p.292) Kammash, T. to C. E. Dryden, letter, 22 February 1966, UI Box 100

Katz, Ralph and Thomas J. Allan, ‘Investigating the Not Invented Here (NIH) syndrome: A look at the performance, tenure, and communication patterns of 50 R & D Project Groups’, R&D Management 12 (2007): 7–20

Kay, John Menzies, ‘Imperial College course proposal’, 4 January 1957, NA AB 19/84

Keller, Alex, The Infancy of Atomic Physics: Hercules in his Cradle (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1983)

Kemeny, John G., ‘The President's Commission on The Accident at Three Mile Island. The need for change: the legacy of TMI’, The President's Commission, October 1979

Kenward, Michael, ‘The nuclear backlash’, New Scientist, 1 May 1975: 263–4

Kevles, Daniel, The Physicists: The History of a Scientific Community in Modern America (New York: Knopf, 1977)

—— , ‘Cold War and hot physics: science, security and the American State, 1945–1956’, Historical Studies in the Physical and Biological Sciences 20 (1990): 239–64

Keys, D. A., LAC MG30 B59 Vol. 4

—— , ‘Monthly report’, August–September 1947, LAC MG30 B59 Vol. 5

—— to C. C. Cook, letter, 21 January 1948, LAC MG30 B59 Vol. 4.

—— to Editor of Nucleonics, letter, 23 April 1951, LAC MG30 B59 Vol. 4

—— to J. Cockcroft, letters, 17 July and 8 August 1951, LAC MG30 B59 Vol. 4

—— , ‘Monthly report’, March 1954, LAC MG30 B59 Vol. 5

Kinchey, Abby J., ‘African Americans in the atomic age: postwar perspectives on race and the bomb, 1945–1967’, Technology and Culture 50 (2009): 291–315

Kinsey, Freda, ‘Life at Chalk River’, Atomic Scientists’ Journal 3 (1953): 18–23

Klapper, Joseph T., The Effects of Mass Communication (New York: Free Press, 1960)

Knelman, Fred H., Nuclear Energy: The Unforgiving Technology (Edmonton: Hurtig, 1976)

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Kopp, Carolyn ‘The origins of the American scientific debate over fallout hazards’, Social Studies of Science 9 (1979): 403–22

Kowarski, L., ‘Atomic energy developments in France’, Atomic Scientists’ News 2 (1948): 16–21

Kraft, Alison, ‘Between medicine and industry: medical physics and the rise of the radioisotope, 1945–1965’, Contemporary British History 20 (2006): 1–35

Kragh, Helge, Quantum Generations: A History of Physics in the Twentieth Century (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1999)

Kramer, Andrew W., ‘Atomic energy is here’, Power Plant Engineering, 49 September 1945: 74–7

Kranakis, Eda, ‘Social determinants of engineering practice’, Social Studies of Science 19 (1989): 5–70

Krenz, Kim, Deep Waters: The Ottawa River and Canada's Nuclear Adventure (Montreal: McGill-Queen's University Press, 2004)

Krige, John, ‘Atoms for Peace, scientific internationalism and scientific intelligence’, Osiris 21 (2006): 161–81

Krige, John and Dominique Pestre (eds.), Science in the Twentieth Century (London, 1997)

Kuhn, James W., Scientific and Managerial Manpower in Nuclear Industry (New York: Columbia University Press, 1966)

Kurczy, Stephen, ‘Japan nuclear crisis sparks calls for IAEA reform’, Christian Science Monitor, 17 March 2011

Laboratory, Oak Ridge National, ‘ORSORT: Oak Ridge School of Reactor Technology’, Oak Ridge Nuclear Laboratory Review, 25 (3 & 4)

Landa, Edward, Buried Treasure to Buried Waste: The Rise and Fall of the Radium Industry (Golden, Colo.: Colorado School of Mines, 1987)

Lang, Daniel, Early Tales of the Atomic Age (New York: Doubleday, 1948)

—— , The Man in the Thick Lead Suit (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1954)

—— , From Hiroshima to the Moon: Chronicles of Life in the Atomic Age (New York: Simon and Schuster, 1959)

Lapp, Ralph Eugene and Howard Lucius Andrews, Nuclear Radiation Physics (New York: Prentice-Hall, 1948)

Lassman, Thomas C., ‘Industrial research transformed: Edward Condon at the Westinghouse Electric and Manufacturing Company, 1935–1942’, Technology and Culture 44 (2003): 306–39

Latour, Bruno, Science in Action (Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1987)

—— , We Have Never Been Modern (Hemel Hempstead: Harvester Wheatsheaf, 1993)

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Lewenstein, B. V., ‘Science and the media’, in: S. Jasanoff, G. E. Markle, J. C. Peterson and T. J. Pinch (eds.), Handbook of Science and Technology Studies (Thousand Oaks, Calif., 1995), pp. 343–60

Lewis, W. B. to D. A. Keys, 24 September 1947, LAC RG77 Vol. 283

Lewis, W. R., ‘Trip report: UK—US—Canada Reactor Safety Conference’, memo, 23 October 1953, DOE DDRS D8490526

Libby, Leona Marshall, The Uranium People (New York: Crane, 1979)

Lillyman, Ernie to S. F. Johnston, interview, 18 September 2007, Thurso, Scotland, SFJ collection

Longacre, Andrew, ‘Proposal for a cooperative facility for education in nuclear engineering’, memo, November 1955, UI Box 100

Lord Waverley and Alexander Fleck, ‘Wallace Alan Akers. 1888–1954’, Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society 2 (1956): 1–4

Mackenzie, C. J., LAC MG30-B122 Vol. 1

—— , LAC RG24 Box 5002 File 3310–50/7

—— to H. G. Thode, letter, 29 December 1947, LAC RG77 Vol. 283

—— to J. Cockcroft, letter, 1 October 1947, LAC RG77 Vol. 283

—— , ‘War Technical and Scientific Development Committee 19th meeting’, 2 July 1943, MG30 B122 Vol. 3

—— to G. L. Groves, letter, 26 December 1945, LAC RG77 Vol. 283

—— to J. Chadwick, 28 January 1946, LAC RG77 Vol. 283

—— to J. Chadwick, letter, 12 February 1946, LAC RG77 Vol. 283

—— to W. Zinn, letter, 17 April 1946, LAC RG77 Vol. 283

—— to C. D. Howe, letter, 15 August 1952, LAC MG30-B122 Vol. 3

—— to K. F. Tupper, letter, 24 April 1952, LAC MG30-B122 Vol. 3

—— to F. E. Simon, letter, 4 December 1952, LAC MG30-B122 Vol. 3

—— to J. Cockcroft, letter, 23 May 1952, LAC MG30-B122 Vol. 3

—— , The Mackenzie–McNaughton Wartime Letters (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1978)

Maier, C. S., ‘Between Taylorism and Technocracy: European ideologies and the vision of industrial productivity in the 1920s’, Journal of Contemporary History 5 (1970): 27–61

Makepeace-Lott, S., Alan Works With Atoms (London: Chatton & Windus, 1962)

Manley, John H., ‘Secret science’, Physics Today 3 (1950): 8–11

Marshall, John, ‘Plant assistance (physics) to Jul 1 1945’, 17 September 1945, Hagley 1957 Series III Box 58 folder 4

Martin, W. R., ‘Undergraduate education in nuclear engineering in the USA’, Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry 171 (1993): 183–92

Masco, Joseph, ‘Lie detectors: on secrets and hypersecurity in Los Alamos’, Public Culture 14 (2002): 441–60

—— , The Nuclear Borderlands: The Manhattan Project in Post-Cold War New Mexico (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2006)

Mather, R. E., ‘Report of visit to Chalk River Ontario’, memo, 22 January 1951, DOE DDRS D4193933

May, Julian, There's Adventure in Atomic Energy (New York: Popular Mechanics Press and Hawthorne Press, 1957)

McKay, Paul, Electric Empire: The Inside Story of Ontario Hydro (Toronto: Between the Lines, 1983)

McNeight, S. A., ‘Hanford cohort of trainees’, memo, 6 February 1953, Hagley 1957 Series I Box 2 folder 9

Medvedev, Grigori and Evelyn Rossiter (translator), The Truth About Chernobyl (New York: Basic Books, 1991)

Medvedev, Zhores A., The Legacy of Chernobyl (Oxford: Basil Blackwell, 1990)

Meier, Richard L., ‘The origins of the scientific species’, Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists 7 (1951): 169–73

Meitner, Lise and Otto R. Frisch, ‘Disintegration of uranium by neutrons: a new type of nuclear reaction’, Nature 143 (1939): 239–40

Messrs. ICI, ‘Report by M.A.U.D. Committee on the Use of Uranium for a Bomb, Appendix VI: Nuclear energy as a source of power’, in: Gowing, M., Britain and Atomic Energy 1939–1945 (London: Macmillan, 1964)

Metro-Goldwin Meyer, ‘Facts about the making of MGM's remarkable motion picture ‘The Beginning or the End’’, booklet, 1946, LAC MG30-E533 Vol. 1

Meyer, Leo A., Atomic Energy in Industry: A Guide for Tradesmen and Technicians (Chicago: American Technological Society, 1963)

(p.294) Middleton, W. E. Knowles, Physics at the National Research Council of Canada, 1929–1952 (Waterloo, Ont.: Wilfrid Laurier University Press, 1979)

Millar, R. N., ‘Future power programme in Britain’, Nuclear Engineering 1 (1956): 304

Minnion, John and Philip Bolsover (eds.), The CND Story (London: Allison & Busby, 1983)

Minutes, Board of Governors, ANL, ‘Tripartite contract problem’, 28 January 1972, UI Box 110

MIT, ‘History of the MIT Department of Nuclear Science and Engineering’, http://web.mit.edu/nse/overview/history.html, accessed 20 March 2006

Mitchell, D. S. to L. Owen, memorandum, 1 January 1958, NA AB 9/1869

Mladjenovic, Milorad, History of Early Nuclear Physics (1896–1931) (Singapore: World Scientific, 1992)

Moss, John E, ‘The crisis of secrecy’, Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists 17 (1961): 8–11

Mott, N. F., ‘The scientist and dangerous thoughts’, Atomic Scientists’ News 2 (1949): 171–2

Mountjoy, P. B., ‘Security report on Hanford Engineer Works’, memo to District Engineer, Manhattan Engineer District, 4 November 1943, DOE DDRS D4851457

—— , ‘History of Intelligence and Security Division, HEW’, memo to file, 1947, DOE DDRS D4740793

—— memo to file, 5 June 1947, Hanford, DOE DDRS D4763339

Moynihan, Daniel P., Secrecy: The American Experience (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1998)

Murray, Raymond L., Introduction to Nuclear Engineering (New York: Prentice-Hall, 1955)

National Academy of Sciences, ‘The Biological Effects of Atomic Radiations’ (Washington, DC: National Research Council, 1956)

Ndiaye, Pap A., Nylon and Bombs: DuPont and the March of Modern America (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2007)

Needell, Allan A., ‘Nuclear reactors and the founding of Brookhaven National Laboratory’, Historical Studies in the Physical Sciences 14 (1983): 93–122

Nelkin, Dorothy, Selling Science: How the Press Covers Science and Technology (New York: W. H. Freeman, 1995)

Nelson, George, ‘British nuclear engineering: the next ten years’, New Scientist, 27 October 1960: 1115–17

NES, ‘Nuclear Engineering Society: Annual General Meetings; notices and nominations, 1958–1978’, NA AB 65/459

Newell, R. E. to L. R. Thomson, letter, 11 November 1943, LAC MG30 E533 Vol. 1

Newman, Bernard, Soviet Atomic Spies (London: Robert Hale, 1952)

Newman, M. K. to J. H. Roberson, letter, 17 February 1960, UI Box 85

News, ‘Locomotion’, Nuclear Engineering 1 (1956): 3

—— , ‘Unclassified UKAEA documents’, Nuclear Engineering 2 (1957): 30–2

—— , ‘Acton Technical College’, Nuclear Engineering 1 (1956): 95

—— , ‘Atomic energy course at Birkenhead Technical College’, Nuclear Engineering 1 (1956): 109

—— , ‘Course of nuclear engineering at the University of Glasgow’, Nature 177 (1956): 508–9

—— , ‘London evening classes in nuclear physics at Borough Polytechnic’, Nuclear Power—The Journal of British Nuclear Engineering 1 (1956): 142

—— , ‘School for Dounreay’, Nuclear Power 1 (1956): 47

—— , ‘Training nuclear engineers at Oak Ridge’, Nuclear Engineering 1 (1956): 115

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Nichols, C. M. and A. S. White, ‘Chemical engineering and atomic energy’, Chemistry and Industry (17 January 1963): 51–5

Nichols, Kenneth D., Nucleonics, July 1949, reproduced in: Atomic Energy Indoctrination (Washington, DC: Dept. of Army, 1950)

Noble, David F., America By Design: Science, Technology, and the Rise of Corporate Capitalism (New York: Knopf, 1977)

Norwood, W. D., ‘Disaster plans’, memo, 2 June 1948, DOE DDRS D8417395

Nuclear Energy Agency and Organization for Economic Co-Operation and Development, ‘Nuclear Education and Training—Cause for Concern? A Summary Report’, NEA #02428, 2000

O’Connor, D. F., ‘Hanford Personnel and Training Program’, memo, 31 August 1950, Hagley 1957 Series II Box 12 folder 3

O’Fallon, John R., ‘Education and training needs of the nuclear power industry’, memo, 15 December 1980, UI Box 71

—— to B. Piatkowski, letter, 18 October 1982, UI Box 71

Ogburn, William Fielding, ‘Sociology and the atom’, American Journal of Sociology 41 (1946): 267–75

(p.295) Oliphant, M. I. E., ‘How the atom can be harnessed for peace: power production by nuclear methods; with diagrammatic drawings by G. H. Davis’, Illustrated London News, 207 13 October 1945: 399–401

Olwell, Russell B., At Work in the Atomic City: A Labor and Social History of Oak Ridge, Tennessee (Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press, 2004)

Operations Coordinating Board, ‘A program to exploit the A-bank proposals in the President's UN speech of December 8, 1953’, 4 February 1954, Eisenhower Presidential Library, http://www.eisenhower.utexas.edu/dl/Atoms_For_Peace/Binder11.pdf

ORINS, The Peaceful Atom: American Museum of Atomic Energy (Oak Ridge: ORINS, 1954)

ORSORT, ‘Oak Ridge Operations Information Manual’, DOE ON NV0714712

Osif, Bonnie Anne, Anthony J. Baratta and Thomas W. Conkling, TMI 25 Years Later: The Three Mile Island Nuclear Power Plant Accident and Its Impact (University Park, Penn.: Penn State Press, 2004)

Overbeck, W. P., ‘Instrument Department functions and organization to July 1, 1945’, memo to file, 14 August 1945, Hagley 1957 Series V Box 50 folder 16

Owen, Leonard, Journal of the British Nuclear Energy Society 1 (1962): 7

—— , ‘Nuclear engineering in the United Kingdom—the first ten years’, Journal of the British Nuclear Energy Society 2 (1963): 23–32 and 296–8

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Parfit, Michael, The Boys Behind the Bombs (New York: Little and Brown, 1983)

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—— , ‘Radiation protection in the atomic energy industry: a ten-year review’, draft conference presentation for meeting of the Radiological Society of North America, Los Angeles, 7 November 1954, DOE DDRS D198195963

Parker, M. M., ‘Radiation protection in the atomic energy industry: a ten-year review’, draft conference presentation for meeting of the Radiological Society of North America, Los Angeles, 7 November 1954, DOE DDRS D198195963

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Perrot, Donald, ‘Problems of the supply of scientists and engineers’, UKAEA memorandum, 16 February 1956, NA AB 16/1971

Perry, C. C., ‘Nuclear engineering at Wayne State University’, memo, 6 April 1959, UI Box 22

Pickering, Andrew, Constructing Quarks: A Sociological History of Particle Physics (Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 1984)

Pilkey, O. H., ‘The civil engineer and atomic energy’, draft for American Society of Civil Engineers Conference, 22 February 1962, DOE DDRS DA615027

Pinch, Trevor J. and Wiebe E. Bijker, ‘The social construction of facts and artefacts: or how the sociology of science and the sociology of technology might benefit each other’, Social Studies of Science 14 (1984): 399–441

Pinkerton, J. B., ‘The Institution of Nuclear Energy Engineers’, Nuclear Energy Engineer 12 (1958): 49

—— , ‘The Institution of Nuclear Engineers’, Nuclear Energy Engineer 12 (1958): 197

—— , ‘The Institution of Nuclear Engineers: Officers and Council’, Nuclear Energy Engineer 13 (1959):576–7

Pocock, Rowland Francis, Nuclear Power: Its Development in the United Kingdom (London: Unwin Brothers, 1977)

Poor, R. S., ‘The Atomic Energy Commission and nuclear education’, presented at Interrelated Role of Federal Agencies and Universities in Nuclear Education Conference, Gatlinburg, TN, 1963

Prentice, B. R., ‘Development of atomic energy for subsonic plane’, memo, 10 December 1950, DOE DDRS DA02114307

Presas i Puig, Albert, ‘Science on the periphery. The Spanish reception of nuclear energy: an attempt at modernity?’ Minerva 43 (2005): 197–218

Preston, Mel A. and Helen E. Howard-Lock, ‘Emergence of physics graduate work in Canadian universities 1945–1960’, Physics in Canada 56 (2000): 153–62

Pringle, Peter and James Spigelman, The Nuclear Barons (London: Joseph, 1982)

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—— , ‘Defining professional boundaries: chemical engineering in the early 20th century’, Technology and Culture 27 (1986): 694–716

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—— , Dark Sun: The Making of the Hydrogen Bomb (New York: Simon & Schuster, 1995)

Roberson, John H. to W. F. Stubbins, letter, 28 September 1959, UI Box 83

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Roberts, Arthur, ‘Take away your billion dollars (the Brookhaven song)’, lyrics, UI Box 35

Roqué, Xavier, ‘Marie Curie and the radium industry: A preliminary sketch’, History and Technology 13 (1997): 267–91

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Rothbaum, Melvin, The Government of the Oil, Chemical and Atomic Workers Union (New York: John Wiley, 1962)

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Sargent, B. W. to G. M. Everhart, letter, 4 November 1953, QU Sargent fonds Series III Box 4 file 4.16

—— , ‘file 4.1 Nuclear engineering’, QU B. W. Sargent fonds, Series III Box 4

Schatz, Ronald W., The Electrical Workers: A History of Labor at General Electric and Westinghouse, 1923–1960 (Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1983)

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Scott, E. E., ‘Atomic energy power generation’, memo, 14 February 1948, DOE DDRS DA02779406

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Seitz, F., ‘Report on Wigner disease’, memo to file, 3 February 1945, DOE DDRS D4763348

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Shaw, D. F., ‘Forthcoming espionage trial’, memo, 7 March 1951, DOE DDRS D0983254

Shils, Edward, The Torment of Secrecy: The Background and Consequences of American Security Policies (Glencoe, Ill.: Free Press, 1956)

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—— , to W. B. Lewis, letter, 5 December 1950, Kingston, Ontario, QU Box 1 File 13

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Smith Stahl, Margaret, Splits and Schisms, Nuclear and Social, PhD thesis, Wisconsin (1946)

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—— , ‘A general account of the development of methods of using atomic energy for military purposes under the auspices of the United States Government 1940–1945’, 1 July 1945, LAC MG30-E533 Vol. 1

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—— , The Two Cultures and the Scientific Revolution: The Rede Lecture, 1959 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1959)

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Stephenson, Richard, Introduction to Nuclear Engineering (New York: McGraw-Hill, 1954)

Stone & Webster Inc, Engineering for Atomic Power: The Role of Stone and Webster in Nuclear Development (New York: Stone & Webster, 1957)

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Suite, C. G. to L. R. Boulware, letter, 5 May 1948, Schenectady, DOE DDRS D3800167

Sutton, O. G. to W. B. Lewis, letter, 26 April 1949, QU Lewis fonds Box 1 File 13

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Thomson, L. R. to C. J. Mackenzie, letter, 1 October 1946, LAC RG77 Vol. 283

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VonderLage, F. C. to H. J. Kamack, letter, 21 May 1953, Hagley 1957 Series III Box 12 folder 4 ORSORT 1953–54

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Walker, John, ‘Training nuclear engineers’, New Scientist, 18 July 1957, 23–5

Wallace, Philip R., ‘Atomic energy in Canada: personal recollections of the wartime years’, Physics in Canada 56 (2000): 123–31

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—— , Nuclear Fear: A History of Images (Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1988)

Weaver, Lynn to S. F. Johnston, telephone interview, 3 March 2007, SFJ collection

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—— , ‘Social institutions and nuclear energy’, Science 177 (1972): 27–34

—— , ‘Salvaging the atomic age’, Wilson Quarterly (Summer) (1979): 88–112

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Wende, C. W. J., ‘Meetings at Argonne, September 13–15 1950’, memo to file, 26 September 1950, Hagley 1957 Series IV Box 44 folder 1

—— , ‘Visit to Argonne, September 28–29, 1950’, memo to file, 20 October 1950, Hagley 1957 Series IV Box 44 folder 1

—— , ‘Visit to Schenectady November 7 and 8, 1950’, memo to file, 27 November 1950, Hagley 1957 Series IV Box 44 folder 2

—— , ‘Visit to Argonne, January 3 and 4, 1951’, memo to file, 12 January 1951, Hagley 1957 Series IV Box 44 folder 2

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Whitney, Vincent Heath, ‘Resistance to innovation: the case of atomic power’, American Journal of Sociology 56 (1950): 247–54

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Wigner, Eugene P. and Andrew Szanton, The Recollections of Eugene P. Wigner (London: Plenum, 1992)

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Wilson, C. G. and D. K. Thomas, ‘Teaching nuclear science in the army: The Royal Military College of Science’, Nuclear Energy Engineer 13 (1959): 443–4

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Woodhouse, John C., ‘Brookhaven fuel elements’, memo to file, 21 September 1950, Hagley 1957 Series IV Box 44 folder 1

Worthington, Hood, ‘Pile technology—effect of operation on graphite moderator (Wigner and Szilárd effects)—experience to Aug 1, 1945’, memo to file, 13 September 1945, Hagley 1957 Series III Box 58 folder 4

—— to W. H. Zinn, letter, 21 December 1950, Hagley 1957 Series IV Box 54 folder 2

Yeo, Frances E. M., Nuclear Engineering Education in Britain, MSc thesis, University of Manchester (1997)

Zinn, Walter, ‘memo to file’, memo, 26 July 1946, UI Box 134

—— , ‘Minutes of Board Meeting, ANL’, memo, 2 May 1948, UI Box 19

—— to W. B. Harrell, letter, 4 February 1948, UI Box 19

—— to H. Worthington, telex, 21 December 1950, Hagley 1957 Series IV Box 54 folder 2 (p.300)