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Iambus and ElegyNew Approaches$
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Laura Swift and Chris Carey

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780199689743

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: April 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199689743.001.0001

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Archilochus and Homer in the Rhapsodic Context

Archilochus and Homer in the Rhapsodic Context

(p.74) 4 Archilochus and Homer in the Rhapsodic Context
Iambus and Elegy

Donald Lavigne

Oxford University Press

This chapter reviews the evidence for the rhapsodic performance of Archilochus and argues that through it we can see a fundamental polarity between Archilochus and Homer. In turn, it shows that this polarity is revealed in hints of a ‘Synkrisis’ tradition that developed as a result of a shared context of performance. If, as it maintains, the rhapsodic context is the primary (but not only) context of performance for Archilochean iambos, then the agonistic character of this performance context generates the ancient critical tradition which compares Archilochus and Homer.

Keywords:   agonistic, ancient criticism, Archilochus, gnomai, Homer, iambic, performance, rhapsode, Synkrisis

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